.pdf-Version des Kommentierten Vorlesungsverzeichnisses

Kommentiertes Vorlesungsverzeichnis Sommersemester 2012

Logo der Fachgruppe Physik-Astronomie der Universität Bonn

physics633 High Energy Collider Physics
Tu, Th 8-10, HS, IAP
  Instructor(s): N. Wermes
  Prerequisites: Nuclear and Particle Physics (physik511)
Particle Physics (physics611): useful but not mandatory
  Contents: Physics at proton-proton (like LHC) and e+e- colliders (like LEP, ILC).
This course is on experimental particle physics, here especially collider physics, and builds on and deepens topics of the Particle Physics lecture (physics611). The emphasis is put on physics and experimental methods applied at current hadron collider experiments, but also topics from other accelerators
are included.
Topics include: physics and kinematics of pp-collision and e+e-collisions, LHC machine and detectors, electroweak precision measurements, proton structure, QCD at hadron colliders, Higgs physics, top quark physics, searches for physics beyond the standard model like SUSY and Extra Dimensions
  Literature: The lectures do not follow a particular text book as the topics covered
are much on current results an measurements.
Recommendations on background literature will be provided during the course.
Some good books are:
Ellis, Stirling, Webber: QCD and Collider Physics
Bettini: Elementary Particle Physics
  Comments: The 3+1 (lecture + exercises) will be given as 4+0 and 2+2 in alternating weeks.
Some topics, e.g. some important aspects of the standard model, can be
recapitulated if wanted.
physics639 Advanced Topics in High Energy Particle Physics
Tu 12-14, Th 10-12, HS, IAP
  Instructor(s): K. Desch, P. Urquijo
  Prerequisites: Course lecture "Nuclear and Particle Physics".
Knowledge of particle physics, as obtained for instance from the lecture "Particle Physics"
given in the winter semester, is recommended.
  Contents: This lecture complements the introductory courses in particle physics.
It will focus on topics flavor physics in the hadron and lepton sector:

1. Hadron sector: from the physics of B,D,K mesons
(CP violation, measurements of the CKM matrix and SM parameters, search for
new physics with rare decays)
2. Lepton Sector: physics of neutrinos (neutrino oscillations, neutrino masses,
recent and future neutrino experiments).
  Literature: Will be given in the lecture
  Comments: The first lecture will be on Tuesday 3rd April, 12h c.t.
and will include the organisation of the excercise class.
physics631  Quantum Optics
Tu, Th 14-16, HS, IAP
  Instructor(s): F. Vewinger
  Contents: Initially the term quantum optics was used for the physics of quantized light fields and their description, but its usage has been expanded to the field of light-matter interaction and also encompasses newer fields like degenerate Bose and Fermi gases and quantum information. The lecture will give an overview over both "classical" quantum optics, including quantization of the light field, theory of coherence and representations of the light field (Coherent states, Fock states, Wigner functions, Glauber functions etc.). The second part of the lecture will treat the interaction of quantized radiation with atoms, including topics as the density matrix representation, Bloch sphere, quantum theory of the laser, coherent interation and similar topics. In the last part of the lecture recent developments in quantum optics like laser cooling and Bose-Einstein condensation will be discussed.

Below are a few topics that will be covered in the lecture:

Quantum Theory of Light: Classical & nonclassical states of light; Phase-space distributions, Quantum Coherence functions; The quantum beamsplitter; Photon detection

Interaction of (quantized) matter with classical light: The Rabi model; Dressed states; Autler-Townes splitting; electromagnetically induced transparency; slow light; adiabatic passage techniques;

Interaction of (quantized) matter with quantum light: The Jaynes-Cummings-model; Wigner-Weisskopf theory of spontaneous emission; Lamb shift, Casimir forces; Cavity QED;

"Applications": Laser cooling; Degenerate quantum gases; Quantum information;

  Literature: Original literature on key experiments will be given in the lecture. The theory is covered in lots of textbooks, e.g.:
C. C. Gerry, P. L. Knight; Introductory Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press 2005)
R. Loudon; The quantum theory of light (Oxford University Press 2000)
G. J. Milburn, D. F. Walls; Quantum Optics (Springer 1994)
M. O. Scully, M. S. Zubairy; Quantum Optics (Cambridge 1997)
P. Meystre, M. Sargent; Elements of Quantum Optics (Springer 1999)
J. C. Garrison, R.Y. Chiao, Quantum Optics (Oxford University Press 2008)
  Comments: The exercises will be held every other thursday. The course material will be available via the ILIAS-system.
physics634 Magnetism and Superconductivity
We, Fr 10-12, HS, IAP
  Instructor(s): E. Soergel
  Prerequisites: Physik IV

  • Low-Temperature Physics: generation and measurement of low temperatures

  • Superfluidity: experiments & phenomenological description

  • Superconductivity: macroscopic aspects, type I and type II superconductors, Ginzburg-Landau theory, BCS theory, Josephson effect, high-temperature superconductivity

  • Magnetism: orbital and spin magnetism without interactions, exchange interactions, phase transitions, magnetic ordering and domains, spin waves (magnons), colossal magnetoresistance

  • Hunklinger: Festkörperphysik
  • Hunklinger: Tieftemperaturphysik
  • Buckel/Kleiner: Supraleitung
  • Blundell: Magnetism in condensed matter
  Comments: Language will be English or German at the discretion of the audience.
physics714 Advanced Accelerator Physics
We, Th 10-12, SR I, HISKP
  Instructor(s): W. Hillert, A. Lehrach, R. Maier
  Prerequisites: Mechanics, Electrodynamics, basic knowledge in Physics of Particle Accelerators (e.g. Accelerators Physics)
  Contents: Diese Veranstaltung ist eine Fortführung und Vertiefung der Vorlesung „Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger“. Hier sollen, neben der Behandlung der Synchrotronstrahlung und ihrem Einfluss auf die Strahleigenschaften in Elektronenbeschleunigern, vornehmlich kollektive Phänomene wie optische Resonanzen und Instabilitäten diskutiert werden. Darüber hinaus ist eine Vertiefung des Lehrstoffes in praktischen Übungen am Beschleuniger ELSA geplant.

This course is a continuation of the lecture „Accelerator Physics“. In addition to the treatment of synchrotron radiation and its influence on the beam characteristics in electron accelerators, mainly collective phenomena like optical resonances and instabilities will be discussed. Furthermore, deepening the subject matter by practical exercises at the ELSA accelerator facility is planned.
  Literature: H. Wiedemann, Particle Accelerator Physics, Springer 1993, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-56550-7

D.A. Edwards, M.J. Syphers, An Introduction to the Physics of High Energy Accelerators, Wiley & Sons 1993, New York, ISBN 0-471-55163-5

F. Hinterberger, Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Ionenoptik, Springer 1996, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-61238-6

K. Wille, Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Synchrotronstrahlungsquellen, 2. überarb. und erw. Aufl., Teubner 1996, Stuttgart, ISBN 3-519-13087-4

S. Y. Lee, Accelerator Physics (Second Edition), World Scientific, Singapore 2004, ISBN 981-256-200-1 (pbk)

Script of the lecture “Accelerator Physics”: http:/www-elsa.physik.uni-bonn.de/~hillert/Beschleunigerphysik
  Comments: Es besteht die Möglichkeit, den Lernstoff durch detaillierte Besichtigungen und praktische Studien an der Beschleunigeranlage ELSA des Physikalischen Instituts zu veranschaulichen und zu vertiefen. Exkursionen zu anderen Beschleunigern sind vorgesehen. Zu dieser Vorlesung wird ein Script im Internet (pdf-Format) zur Verfügung gestellt.

The opportunity will be offered to exemplify and deepen the subject matter by detailed visits and practical studies at the institute of physics’ accelerator facility ELSA of the institute of physics. Excursions to other accelerators are intended. Accompanying the lecture, a script (pdf-format, english) is provided in on the internet.
physics716 Statistical Methods of Data Analysis
We 8-10, SR I, HISKP
  Instructor(s): P. Bechtle
  Prerequisites: Some prior knowledge of particle physics would be helpful.
  Contents: From the first lab. course that you take to the design and construction of an experiment; from the first simulations to the final analysis of the data from our experiment, the proper application of statistical methods is essential.

The aim of this course is to provide a foundation in statistical methods and to give some concrete examples of how the methods are applied to data analysis. Standard statistical distributions will be discussed and examples given of when they are expected to occur and how they are related.

Techniques for fitting data will be discussed. The treatment of systematic errors, as well as methods to combine results from different experiments which may have common error sources will also be covered.

The search for new physics, even when no signal is observed, allows limits to be placed on the size of possible effects. These can provide severe constraints on theoretical models. Methods for calculating upper limits taking into account several error sources will also be considered.

See also http://pi.physik.uni-bonn.de/~bechtle/teaching/physics716
  Literature: R. J. Barlow: Statistics
V. Blobel and E. Lohrmann: Statistische und numerische Methoden
der Datenanalyse
F. James: Statistical methods in experimental physics
Glen Cowan: Statistical Data Analysis
physics717  High Energy Physics Lab
4 to 6 weeks on agreement
  Instructor(s): E. von Törne
  Contents: This course offers students in their first year of their Master studies the opportunity to participate in research activities.
  Comments: The students join one of the high energy physics groups groups and conduct their own small research project for typically 4 weeks. We recommend to participate in a project during term break (either in spring or summer/ early fall) but projects during the semester are also possible. More information here: http://heplab.physik.uni-bonn.de/
physics732 Optics Lab
4 to 6 weeks on agreement
  Instructor(s): F. Vewinger, M. Weitz
  Prerequisites: BSc
  Contents: The Optics Lab is a 4-6 week long practical training/internship in one of the research groups in Photonics and Quantum Optics, which can have several aspects:
- setting up a small experiment
- testing and understanding the limits of experimental components
- simulating experimental situations

Credit points can be obtained after completion of a written report.

  Literature: Will be given by the supervisor
physics735  Laser Cooling and Matter Waves
We 13-15, HS, IAP
  Dozent(en): M. Weitz
  Erforderliche Vorkenntnisse: Optik, Atomphysik, Quantenmechanik
  Inhalt: Wechselwirkung von Atomen mit Licht
Mechanische Effekte von Licht
Doppler-Kühlung von Atomen, Polarisationsgradientenkühlung
Bose-Einstein-Kondensation von Atomen
atomare Fermi-Gase
Optische Gitter, Mott-Isolator-Übergang
  Literatur: H. Metcalf, P. van der Straten:
“Laser Cooling and Trapping”
Springer, New York, 1999
  Bemerkungen: Vorlesungszeiten geändert:
Mittwoch 13:35 - 15:05
physics740  Hands-on Seminar: Experimental Optics and Atomic Physics
  Instructor(s): M. Weitz u.M.
  Prerequisites: Optik- und Atomphysik Grundvorlesungen, Quantenmechanik
  Contents: Diodenlaser
Optische Resonatoren
Akustooptische Modulatoren
und vieles mehr
  Literature: wird gestellt
  Comments: Vorbesprechung am Montag, den 2.4.12, 9 c.t.,
Konferenzraum IAP, 3. Stock Wegelerstr. 8

Seminartermine ab 9.4.12
physics753  Theoretical Particle Astrophysics
We 13, Fr 13-15, HS I, PI
  Instructor(s): M. Drees
  Prerequisites: Knowledge of (relativistic) Quantum Mechanics, and basic knowledge of the Standard Model of particle physics, will be assumed. Knowledge of Quantum Field Theory and General Relativity is helpful, but not essential.
  Contents: Application of particle physics to astrophysical and cosmological problems. Emphasis will be on the physics of the early universe, basically the first few seconds (after inflation).
  Literature: Kolb and Turner, "The Early Universe"
  Comments: Astroparticle physics works on the interface of traditional particle physics on the one hand, and astrophysics and cosmology on the other. This field has undergone rapid growth in the last one or two decades, and many fascinating questions remain to be answered.
physics755  Quantum Field Theory
Mo 14-16, Th 13, HS I, PI
  Instructor(s): H.-W. Hammer
  Prerequisites: Advanced quantum theory (physics606)

  1. Why Quantum Field Theory?

  2. Review: Classical Field Theory

  3. Relativistic Quantum Fields

  4. Interacting Fields and Feynman Diagrams

  5. Elementary Processes of Quantum Electrodynamics

  6. Radiative Corrections and Renormalization

  7. Functional Methods and Path Integrals


    • M.E. Peskin, D.V. Schroeder, An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory, Westview Press

    • L.H. Ryder, Quantum Field Theory, Cambridge University Press

    • C. Itzykson, J.-B. Zuber, Quantum Field Theory, Dover

    • A. Zee, Quantum Field Theory in a Nutshell, Princeton University Press

    • S. Weinberg, The Quantum Theory of Fields 1: Foundations, Cambridge University Press

    • S. Weinberg, The Quantum Theory of Fields 2: Modern Applications, Cambridge University Press

        Comments: This lecture covers the basic tools required for theses in theoretical particle, hadron, and nuclear physics.
      physics764 Dualities in QFT and String Theory
      We 8-10, Fr 12, HS, IAP
        Instructor(s): H. Jockers
        Prerequisites: Basics in field theory
      Basics of 4d supersymmetry are helpful (but not mandatory)
      Basics in string theory (for part 5)
        Contents: 1. Duality symmetry & Solitons
      2. Supersymmetric field theories in 4d
      3. N=1 SUSY, SQCD, Seiberg Duality
      4. N=2 SUSY, Seiberg Witten Theory
      5. Branes and Dualities in String Theory
        Literature: (Review) papers on the arXiv (announced in the lectures)
      physics773  Physics in Medicine II: Fundamentals of Medical Imaging
      Mo 10-12, HS, IAP, We 12, SR I, HISKP
      Diplom: VANG, WPVANG
        Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz
        Prerequisites: Vordiplom/Bachelor
        Contents: Introduction to physical imaging methods and medical imaging
      (1) Physical fundamentals of transmission computer tomography (Röntgen-CT), positron emission
      computer´tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional MRI
      (1a) detectors, instrumentation, data acquisition, tracer, image reconstruction, BOLD effect
      (1b) applications: analysis of structure and function
      (2) Neuromagnetic (MEG) and Neuroelectrical (EEG) Imaging
      (2a) Basics of neuroelectromagnetic activity, source models
      (2b) instrumentation, detectors, SQUIDs
      (2c) signal analysis, source imaging, inverse problems, applications
        Literature: 1. H. Morneburg (Hrsg.): Bildgebende Systeme für die medizinische Diagnostik, Siemens, 3. Aufl.
      2. P. Bösiger: Kernspin-Tomographie für die medizinische Diagnostik, Teubner
      3. Ed. S. Webb: The Physics of Medical Imaging, Adam Hilger, Bristol
      4. O. Dössel: Bildgebende Verfahren in der Medizin, Springer, 2000
      5. W. Buckel: Supraleitung, VCH Weinheim, 1993
      6. E. Niedermeyer/F.H. Lopes da Silva; Electroencephalography, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1998
      More literature will be offered
        Comments: Beginning: Mo, Apr 2
      physics774  Electronics for Physicists
      Mo 10-12, Th 9, SR I, HISKP
      Diplom: VANG, WPVANG
        Instructor(s): P.-D. Eversheim
        Prerequisites: Practical course in electronics
        Contents: One of the "classic" abilities of an experimentalist is to build those instruments himself he needs but can not get otherwise. In this context the knowledge of electronics - in view of the growing electronics aided acquisition and control of experiments - becomes a key skill of an
      The intention of this lecture is to enable the students by means of exemplary experiments to work out concepts to solutions for given problems. It will be shown that many of these solutions or concepts to solutions, respectively, are used in other fields of physics too (quantum mechanics, optics, mechanics, acoustics, . . .). At the end of this lecture, the student should:
      i) have an overview over the most common parts in electronics.
      ii) be concious about the problems of handling electronic parts and assemblies.
      iii) understand the concepts that allow an analysis and synthesis of the dynamic
      properties of systems.
        Literature: 1) The Art of Electronics by Paul Horowitz and Winfield Hill,
      Cambridge University Press
      - ”The practitioners bible” -
      2) Elektronik für Physiker by K.-H. Rohe,
      Teubner Studienbücher
      - A short review in analogue electronics -
      3) Laplace Transformation by Murray R. Spiegel,
      McGraw-Hill Book Company
      - A book you really can learn how to use and apply Laplace
      Transformations -
      4) Entwurf analoger und digitaler Filter by Mildenberger,
      - Applications of Laplace Transformations in analogue electronics -
      5) Aktive Filter by Lutz v. Wangenheim,
      - Comprehensive book on OP-Amp applications using the Laplace approach -
      6) Mikrowellen by A.J.Baden Fuller,
      - The classic book on RF and microwaves basics -
      7) Physikalische Grundlagen der Hochfrequenztechnik by Meyer / Pottel
      - An interesting approach to explain RF behaviour by acoustic
      analogies -
        Comments: Since there is a substancial overlap between this lecture and „Advanced Electronics & Signal Processing” both lectures are merged this semester.
      physics651 Joint BCGS Seminar on Detectors for Particle and Nuclear Physics Experiments
      Tu 15-17, Raum 300, PI
      biweekly alternating with Bibliothek Kernphysik, Köln
      Diplom: SEXP, WPSEXP
        Instructor(s): R. Beck, K. Desch, J. Jolie (Köln), P. Reiter (Köln), N. Wermes
        Prerequisites: Vordiplom or Bachelor, advanced class
      useful: particle physics and/or nuclear physics lectures
      useful: physics of detectors lecture
        Contents: The seminar will discuss special detectors and detector classes in nuclear and particle physics. Main Focus:

      "Detecting Photons – from eV to TeV"

      Example topics are
      - Interactions of Photons with matter
      - Semiconductor detectors for photons from nuclear reactions
      - Gas-filled detectors for X-Rays
      - Measuring X-ray polarisation
      - Crystal Calorimeters
      - Detecting the Higgs Boson in its two-photon decay
      - Detecting cosmic photons through Cerenkov air showers
      - ...
        Literature: W.R. Leo Techniques for Nuclear and Particle
      Physics Experiments
      K. Kleinknecht Detektoren für Teilchenstrahlung
      D. Green The Physics of Particle Detectors
      G. Knoll Radiation Detection and Measurement
        Comments: The seminar is a joint seminar between the universities of Bonn and Cologne within the Bonn-Cologne Graduate School, but is open to all students.
      The seminar will take place alternating in Bonn (Room 300, Phys. Inst.) and in Cologne (Inst. f. Kernphysik).

      *** The first meeting is on Tuesday 3rd April 2012, 15:00h in Cologne ***
      physics652  Seminar on Ultracold Atomic Quantum Gases: Creation, Manipulation, and Physical Effects
      Th 16-18, HS, IAP
      Diplom: SEXP, WPSEXP
        Instructor(s): J. Klärs, J. Kroha, M. Weitz
        Prerequisites: Bachelor in Physics
        Contents: Since about 15 years, atomic gases can be cooled to so low temperatures that at densities that manybody effects can play a dominant role. To date, these gases can serve as model systems where many effects from solid state physics can be studied in detail. The seminar will introduce some of these effects, and discuss the pecularities needed for their realization in cold atomic gases.
        Literature: will be handed out during seminar
        Comments: Kick-off meeting: Thursday 5.4, 16:15, HS IAP
      physics654 Seminar Medical Physics: Physical Fundamentals of Medical Imaging
      Mo 14-16, SR I, HISKP
      Diplom: SANG, WPSEXP
        Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz, K. Maier
        Prerequisites: Vordiplom/Bachelor
        Contents: Physical Imaging Methods and Medical Imaging of Brain Functions
      Emission Computer Tomography (PET)
      - basics
      - tracer imaging
      - functional imaging with PET
      Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
      - basics
      - functional MRI
      - diffusion tensor imaging
      - tracer imaging
      Biological Signals: Bioelectricity, Biomagnetism
      - basics
      - recordings (EEG/MEG)
      - SQUIDs
      - source models
      - inverse problems
        Literature: 1. O. Dössel: Bildgebende Verfahren in der Medizin, Springer, 2000
      2. H. Morneburg (Hrsg.): Bildgebende Systeme für die medizinische Diagnostik,
      Siemens, 3. Aufl.
      3. H. J. Maurer / E. Zieler (Hrsg.): Physik der bildgebenden Verfahren in der Medizin,
      4. P. Bösiger: Kernspin-Tomographie für die medizinische Diagnostik, Teubner
      5. Ed. S. Webb: The Physics of Medical Imaging, Adam
        Comments: Time: Mo 14 - 16 and one lecture to be arranged
      Beginning: Mo Apr. 16
      6816 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Theorie der kondensierten Materie und der nanoskopischen Physik
      für Studierende im Bachelor-Studiengang,
      pr, ganztägig, Dauer nach Vereinb., PI/AVZ
        Instructor(s): J. Kroha
        Prerequisites: Quantenmechanik I
        Contents: Bearbeitung kleiner Teilprobleme der Theorie von Vielteilchensystemen in der Festkörperphysik, der nanoskopischen Physik oder der Physik ultrakalter Gase in Zusammenarbeit mit Doktoranden der Gruppe.
      6821 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe (SiLab): Halbleiterdetektoren und ASIC Chips für Experimente der Teilchenphysik und biomedizinische Anwendungen / Research Internship: Semiconductor Detectors and ASIC Chips for Particle Physics and Biomedical Applications (D/E)
      pr, ganztägig, ca. 4 Wochen, vorzugsweise in den Semesterferien, n. Vereinb., PI
        Instructor(s): M. Barbero, F. Hügging, H. Krüger, E. von Törne, N. Wermes u.M.
        Prerequisites: Lectures on detectors and electronics lab course
        Contents: Research Internship:

      Students shall receive an overview into the activities of a research group:

      here: Development of Semiconductor Pixel Detectors and Micro-Electronics
        Literature: will be handed out
        Comments: early aplication necessary

      6822 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Proton-Proton-Kollisionen am LHC / Research Internship: Proton-Proton-Collisions at LHC (D/E)
      pr, ganztägig, ca. 4 Wochen, vorzugsweise in den Semesterferien, n. Vereinb., PI
        Instructor(s): M. Cristinziani, S. Hillert, J. Kroseberg, E. von Törne, N. Wermes u.M.
        Prerequisites: Lectures on Particle Physics
        Contents: Within 4 weeks students receive an overview/insight of the research carried out in our research group.

      Topics: Analyses of data taken with the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC
      especially: Higgs and Top physics, tau-final states and b-tagging

      The exact schedule depends on the number of applicants appearing at the same time.
        Literature: will be handed out
        Comments: Early application is required
      Contacts: E. von Törne, M. Cristinziani, S. Hillert, J. Kroseberg, N. Wermes
      6826 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Neurophysik, Computational Physics, Zeitreihenanalyse
      pr, ganztägig, ca. 4 Wochen, n. Vereinb., HISKP u. Klinik für Epileptologie
        Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz u.M.
        Prerequisites: basics of programming language (e.g. C, C++, Pascal)
        Contents: This laboratory course provides insight into the current research activities of the Neurophysics group.

      Introduction to time series analysis techniques for biomedical data, neuronal modelling, cellular neural networks. Opportunity for original research on a topic of own choice, with concluding presentation to the group.
        Literature: Working materials will be provided.
        Comments: Contact:

      Prof. Dr. K. Lehnertz

      email: klaus.lehnertz@ukb.uni-bonn.de
      6834  Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Vorbereitung und Durchführung optischer und atomphysikalischer Experimente, Mitwirkung an Forschungsprojekten der Arbeitsgruppe / Laboratory in the Research Group: Preparation and conduction of optical and atomic physics experiments, Participation at research projects of the group (D/E)
      pr, ganztägig, 2-6 Wochen n. Vereinb., IAP
        Instructor(s): M. Weitz u.M.
        Prerequisites: Optik und Atomphysik Grundvorlesungen, Quantenmechanik
        Contents: Studenten soll frühzeitig die Möglichkeit geboten werden, an aktuellen Forschungsthemen aus dem Bereich der experimentellen Quantenoptik mitzuarbeiten: Ultrakalte atomare Gase, Bose-Einstein-Kondensation, kollektive photonische Quanteneffekte. Die genaue Themenstellung des Praktikums erfolgt nach Absprache.
        Literature: wird gestellt
        Comments: Homepage der Arbeitsgruppe:

      6838 Praktische Übungen zur Bildgebung und Bildverarbeitung in der Medizin
      pr, Kliniken Venusberg
      (Teilnahme am Seminar "Medizinische Physik" erforderlich)
        Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz, C. Berg, P. David, K. Reichmann, F. Träber, P. Trautner
        Prerequisites: Teilnahme am Seminar "Medizinische Physik: Physikalische Grundlagen der medizinischen Bildgebung"
        Contents: Vertiefung der Seminarthemen;
      Praktische Beispiele der Bildgebung in der pränatalen Diagnostik, Nuklearmedizin, Radiologie und Neurowissenschaften
        Comments: Termine werden im Laufe des Semester bekannt gegeben
      astro821  Astrophysics of galaxies
      Do 15:00-18, Raum 0.012, AIfA
      Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
        Instructor(s): P. Kroupa, I. Georgiev
        Prerequisites: The following lectures ought to have been attended: Introduction to Astronomy I and II, Stars and Stellar Evolution, The Interstellar Medium
        Contents: The types of galaxies;

      foundations of stellar dynamics (Jeans equations, relaxation time);

      elliptical galaxies;

      disk galaxies;

      stellar populations in galaxies;

      formation of galaxies;

      dwarf galaxies (normal dwarfs, tidal dwarfs, ultra-compact dwarfs);

      galactic nuclei and their supermassive black holes;

      dark matter and alternatives to Newtonian gravity.
        Literature: Galactic dynamics by J.Binney and S.Tremaine (1987, Princeton University Press);

      Galactic Astronomy by J.Binney and M.Merrifield (1998, Princeton University Press);

      Galaxies in the Universe by L.Sparke and J.Gallagher (2000, Cambridge University Press)
        Comments: This course is worth 6 credit points. To achieve these attendance of the lectures is required and the exam needs to be passed.
      astro822 Physics of the interstellar medium
      Di 15-18, Raum 0.012, AIfA
      Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
        Instructor(s): F. Bertoldi
        Prerequisites: Basic astronomy
        Contents: Introduction; overview of ISM; multi-phase model; Radiative transfer; Black Body; Thermal Equilibrium;
      Atomic transitions, Antenna temperature, Critical density, H-atom; 21cm line, HI, Absorption lines, Curves
      of growth; Strömgen sphere; H nebula; H+He nebula; Ionized Medium; Ionized medium; Heating &
      Cooling; Interstellar dust; Interstellar dust; Multi-phase ISM; Shocks; Supernova-remnants; Molecular
      Clouds; Virial theorem; Virial equilibrium; star formation
        Literature: Bruce Draine: "Physics of the interstellar and intergalactic medium" (Princeton Univ. Press, 2010;
      paperback 49€)
      James Lequeux: “The Interstellar Medium” (Springer, 2005; ~90 Eu or 70 pounds)
      A.G.G.M. Tielens: “The Physics and Chemistry of the Interstellar Medium” (Cambridge, 2006; hardcover
      ~76 euro or ~ 50 pounds; paperback 34 Euro)
        Comments: in English.
      astro8402  X-ray astronomy
      Fr 13-15, Raum 0.012, AIfA
      Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
        Instructor(s): T. Reiprich
        Prerequisites: Introductory courses on astronomy, atomic physics, and hydrodynamics would be useful.
        Contents: X-rays are emitted from regions where the Universe is hot and wild. The lecture will provide an overview
      of modern X-ray observations of all major X-ray sources, e.g., remnants of exploded stars, the vicinities
      of lightweight and supermassive black holes, and collisions of galaxy clusters -- the most massive
      objects in the Universe. The physical properties of X-ray radiation as well as current and future space-
      based instruments used to carry out such observations will be described. In the accompanying lab
      sessions, the participants will learn how to download, reduce, and analyze recent X-ray data from a
      satellite observatory.
        Literature: A bound script of the lecture notes will be provided.
      astro8403  Hydrodynamics and astrophysical magnetohydrodynamics
      Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
      Mi 13:30-15, Raum 0.008, AIfA
        Instructor(s): J. Braithwaite
        Prerequisites: Vector calculus, thermodynamics
        Contents: The course covers all fundamental concepts of hydrodynamics, and is accessible for all physics students, not just astrophysicists. There is a bias towards scientific rather than engineering applications, i.e. a greater emphasis on e.g. stellar winds, and atmospheric waves and supernovae than on airflow over aeroplane wings, and more specifically on astro-, geo- and planetary physics. The topics covered are (in approximately this order): the hydrodynamics equations; basic concepts such as Bernoulli's equation, (in)compressible, sub- and supersonic flow, nozzles, stellar winds and vorticity; waves of a few different and relevant types, as well as associated instabilities of interest to astrophysicists and associated turbulence; viscosity, similarity flows and boundary layers; shocks; rotating fluid systems; and finally a brief introduction to magnetohydrodynamics, the study of electrically conducting fluids, including some astrophysical contexts such as the solar corona, jets and discs.
        Literature: Landau & Lifschitz "Hydrodynamics";
      Choudhuri "The physics of fluids and plasmas";
      Pedlosky "Geophysical fluid dynamics";
      Shore "Astrophysical hydrodynamics"
        Comments: The last part of the course introduces magnetohydrodynamics, whose applications lie mainly in astrophysics. If you basically know about fluid dynamics already but would like to learn something about MHD, you are more than welcome to attend the last ~2 lectures in the course as a "tourist" - they are designed to be stand alone, i.e. understandable if you didn't attend the other lectures. The first of the MHD lectures will probably be on 27th June, but check the webpage beforehand.
      astro845  Observational cosmology
      Mi 11-13, Raum 0.012, AIfA
      Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
        Instructor(s): C. Porciani, K. Basu
        Prerequisites: Basic concepts of cosmology
        Contents: This class provides an overview of current and future experimental efforts aimed at improving our understanding of the universe, including the nature of dark matter and dark energy. After briefly reviewing the current standard cosmological model, we will focus on the motivations, techniques and aims of the leading experiments in the field.
        Literature: Printouts will be made available

      Modern Cosmology (Dodelson)
      Cosmological Physics (Peacock)
      Galaxy Formation (Longair)
      X-ray Emission from Clusters of Galaxies (Sarazin) (available online)

      astro848  Galactic and intergalactic magnetic fields
      Di 13-15, Raum 0.008, AIfA
      Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
        Instructor(s): U. Klein
        Prerequisites: electro-dynamics, introduction to astronomy, interstellar medium
        Contents: 1. Introduction
      2. Diagnostics
      3. Milky Way
      4. External galaxies
      5. Active Galactic Nuclei
      6. Intergalactic magnetic fields
      7. Cosmological magnetic fields

        Literature: Lecture Notes, fully spelled out, provided at the beginning of the course
      astro849  Multiwavelength observations of galaxy clusters
      Mo 15.30-17, Raum 0.008, AIfA
      Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
        Instructor(s): T. Reiprich, Y. Zhang
        Prerequisites: Introductory Astronomy lectures.
        Contents: Aims of the course:
      To introduce the students into the largest clearly defined structures in the Universe, clusters of galaxies.
      In modern astronomy, it has been realized that a full understanding of objects cannot be achieved by
      looking at just one waveband. Different phenomena become apparent only in certain wavebands, e.g.,
      the most massive visible component of galaxy clusters -- the intracuster gas -- cannot be detected with
      optical telescopes. Moreover, some phenomena, e.g., radio outbursts from supermassive black holes,
      influence others like the X-ray emission from the intracluster gas. In this course, the students will
      acquire a synoptic, multiwavelength view of galaxy groups and galaxy clusters.
      Contents of the course:
      The lecture covers galaxy cluster observations from all wavebands, radio through gamma-ray, and
      provides a comprehensive overview of the physical mechanisms at work. Specifically, the following
      topics will be covered: galaxies and their evolution, physics and chemistry of the hot intracluster gas,
      relativistic gas, and active supermassive black holes; cluster weighing methods, Sunyaev-Zeldovich
      effect, gravitational lensing, radio halos and relics, and the most energetic events in the Universe since
      the big bang: cluster mergers.
        Literature: Lecture script and references therein.
      astro8501  Binary stars
      Di 16-18, Raum 0.008, AIfA
        Instructor(s): R. Izzard
        Prerequisites: Stellar Structure and Evolution (N. Langer's course) will be of great help. A general physics background (e.g. in mechanics) will be of great use.
        Contents: The Binary Stars course (astro 8501 / 6944) course in the summer semester 2012 is part of the Master in Astrophysics. The course provides four exciting credit points. The classes will be held on Thursdays at 9am in room 0.008 at the AIfA starting on the 5th April 2012.

      The classes are a mixture of computer presentations (slides) and blackboard work. You are expected to take your own notes, to complain if I go too fast and to ask pertinent questions.
        Literature: Interacting Binary Stars (J.E.Pringle and R.A.Wade; Cambridge University Press) ISBN 0-521-26608-4
      An Introduction to Close Binary Stars (R.W.Hilditch; Cambridge University Press) ISBN 0-521-79800-0
      Evolutionary Processes in Binary and Multiple Stars (P.P.Eggleton; Cambridge University Press) ISBN-10 0-521-85557-8 / ISBN-13 978-0-521-85557-0
        Comments: Classes are *9-11am on Wednesdays* (not the time quoted above).
      Please see:

      Exercise classes are given by Dominique Meyer on Wednesday afternoons, by appointment, in room 3.010 (third floor seminar room at AIfA).
      astro851  Stellar and solar coronae
      Do 13-14:30, Raum 0.01, MPIfR
      Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
        Instructor(s): M. Massi
        Contents: T Tauri (young stellar systems not yet in Main Sequence) and RS CVn systems (evolved stellar systems that already left the Main Sequence), although very diverse systems, have similar flare activities observed at radio and X-ray wavelengths.

      The flares in both systems are several orders of magnitude stronger than those of the Sun. The origin of this activity, defined "coronal activity", depends on the convective zone, the rotation, the formation and dissipation of magnetic fields. In general terms: This is a mechanism of the same type as on the Sun, but enforced by the binary nature of these systems.

      In these lectures we will explore a link between the amplification of initial magnetic fields by dynamo action in several rotating systems ( Sun, binary systems and accretion discs around black holes) and the release of magnetic energy into a corona where particles are accelerated.

      Together with the basic theory there will be as well illustrated the latest progress in the research on stellar coronal emission derived from recent space missions and high-resolution radio observations.

      Solar Cycle: Observations
      Solar Cycle: Theory
      Flare theory
      The standard model of the solar flares
      Physical Processes
      Stellar Coronae
        Literature: The Solar Corona by Golub and Pasachoff. Cambridge University Press, 2009.
        Comments: http://www.mpifr-bonn.mpg.de/staff/mmassi/#coronae1
      astro893  Seminar on stars, stellar systems, and galaxies
      Tu 16:16-17:46 Raum 3.010, AIfA
        Instructor(s): R. Izzard, P. Kroupa, J. Pflamm-Altenburg
        Prerequisites: Vordiplom or Bachelor in physics;
      The lecture "Stars and Stellar Evolution" (astro811);
      The lecture "Astrophysics of Galaxies" (astro821)
        Contents: The newest literature (e.g. papers from the electronic pre-print server) relevant to research on stars, stellar populations, galaxies and dynamics;
      current and preliminary research results by AIfA members and guests on the above topics.
        Literature: Latest astro-ph pre-prints, or recently published research papers.
        Comments: This course is worth 4 credit points. The corresponding certificate ("Schein") is awarded if the student (a) attends the seminar and (b) holds a presentation. The certificate can be picked up in the office of Mrs Ulrike Hamacher on the third floor (AIfA) at the end of the semester.

      The students will be introduced to the newest state of knowledge in the field of stellar astrophysics, star clusters, galaxies and dynamics. They will familiarise themselves with open questions and acquire knowledge on the newest methods in research.
      astro894  Seminar on astronomy and astrophysics
      Mo 14.00-15:30, Raum 0.012, AIfA
        Instructor(s): T. Reiprich
        Prerequisites: Lectures: Introduction to astronomy I and II.
        Contents: Current research papers on astrophysical problems (e.g. planet formation, stellar evolution, star clusters,
      galaxies, galaxy clusters, quasars, cosmology).
        Literature: Current research papers.
        Comments: This is the main seminar for Master of Astrophysics students. It is worth 4 credit points. The
      corresponding certificate ("Schein" for diploma students) is awarded if the student
      (a) attends the seminars of the other students and
      (b) gives a successful presentation.
      The certificate can be picked up in the office of Ms. Ellen Vasters (room 3.004) at the end of the
      semester (only diploma students need to pick one up).

      The students will learn to hold a formal but pedagogical presentation about a subject of current
      international research.

      The possible topics will be presented on the first lecture day.
      6951  Seminar on scientific writing
      Mi 9-11, Raum 0.008, AIfA
        Instructor(s): F. Bertoldi, R. Izzard, U. Klein, A. Stolte
        Prerequisites: Some English language skills are required, as with all Masters research. (This course is not about learning English!)
        Contents: Good communication is the key to making yourself known in the scientific world. If you cannot write, and cannot write well, your papers will struggle to to make an impact - assuming they are published at all.
      Why do so many good scientists struggle to put their thoughts on to paper? This course aims to overcome that hurdle, to show that because you are a scientist you can think and write in a logical, clear and precise way. Most of the course is about how to structure your articles, but a sizeable fraction is also about style and the English language. Classes are mostly interactive with the emphasis on learning by doing.
        Literature: Eloquent Science: A Practical Guide to Becoming a Better Writer, Speaker, and Scientist (Schultz 2010; ISBN 978-1878220912)
        Comments: Wednesdays, 10-12pm (NOT the time advertised above)
      Course helpers are not Profs. Klein and Bertoldi, but H. Neilson, A. Stolte and J. Mackey.
      6964  Seminar on technical and computational aspects of astronomy
      Fr 9:45-10:45, Raum 3.010, AIfA
        Instructor(s): R. Izzard
        Prerequisites: none
        Contents: This seminar aims to fill the gaps in our knowledge of the following subjects which are critical to our research as astrophysicists, but are not covered by the more traditional astronomy-subject seminars:

      • Computer hardware e.g. GPUs, massively-parallel machines, storage

      • Software e.g. programming languages, tools for astrophysics

      • Algorithms e.g. numerical solvers, methods and approaches

      • AIfA-specific issues, networking, training

        Literature: n/a
        Comments: This is a new seminar series, so please consult the webpage for updates regarding times/dates/speakers.
      6966  Seminar on theoretical dynamics
      Fr 14:14 - 15:44, R. 3.010, AIfA
        Instructor(s): P. Kroupa, J. Pflamm-Altenburg
        Prerequisites: Pre-diplom or BSc in physics.
        Contents: Formation of planetary and stellar systems;
      Stellar populations in clusters and galaxies;
      Processes governing the evolution of stellar systems.
        Literature: Current research papers and own research.
        Comments: This course is worth 4 credit points. The corresponding certificate ("Schein") is awarded if the student (a) attends the seminar and (b) holds a presentation. The certificate can be picked up in the office of Mrs Ulrike Hamacher on the third floor (AIfA) at the end of the semester.

      Students and post-docs present the current state of their own research to a critical audience.

      Start date: after arrangement
      6970  Seminar on galaxy clusters
      Do 15-17, Raum 0.006, AIfA
        Instructor(s): T. Reiprich, Y. Zhang
        Prerequisites: Introduction to astronomy.
        Contents: The students will report about up to date research work on galaxy clusters based on scientific papers.
        Literature: Will be provided.