.pdf-Version des Kommentierten Vorlesungsverzeichnisses

Kommentiertes Vorlesungsverzeichnis Sommersemester 2015

Logo der Fachgruppe Physik-Astronomie der Universität Bonn

physics633 High Energy Collider Physics
Mo 10-12, Th 8-10, HS, HISKP
  Instructor(s): E. von Törne, N. Wermes
  Prerequisites: Nuclear and Particle Physics (physik511)
Particle Physics (physics611): recommended but not mandatory
  Contents: Physics at high-energy hadron and lepton colliders. The course covers topics in experimental high energy
physics at particle colliders such as the LHC (proton-proton), LEP (electron-positron) and HERA (electron-
proton). The largest part of the lecture will focus on the physics and recent measurements at the LHC.
Various physics processes, experimental methods and key measurements will be discussed in
detail. The course builds upon the Particle Physics lecture (physics611).

The list of topics includes:
- Basics of pp and e+e- collisions
- LHC machine and detectors
- QCD at hadron colliders
- Proton structure
- Electroweak physics
- Top quarks
- Higgs physics
- Searches for physics beyond the Standard Model (Supersymmetry, extra dimensions, ...)

  Literature: The lectures do not follow a particular text book. Specific literature on recent measurements will be given
in the lecture. Examples of textbooks that are useful for this lecture are:
- Ellis, Stirling, Webber: QCD and Collider Physics
- Bettini: Elementary Particle Physics
  Comments: The 3+1 (lecture + exercises) hours course will be given as 4+0 and 2+2 in alternating weeks.
Lecture material will appear on eCampus.
physics639  Advanced Topics in High Energy Particle Physics
first lecture:
Tu 07.04.2015, 16h, HS, IAP
following lectures:
Tu 8-10, We 12-14, HS, IAP
  Instructor(s): Ph. Bechtle, P. Wagner
  Prerequisites: Course lecture "Nuclear and Particle Physics".
Knowledge of particle physics, as obtained for instance from the lecture "Particle Physics"
given in the winter semester, is recommended.
  Contents: This lecture complements the introductory courses in particle physics.
It will focus on topics of flavour physics in the leptonic and hadronic sector:

1) Neutrino physics
- neutrino oscillations
- neutrinos masses, mass hierarchy
- Dirac vs. Majaorana masses
- CP violation in the lepton sector
- future neutrino experiments

2) Some aspects of charged lepton physics
- Tau leptons at LHC
- Lepton Flavour Violation experiments

3) B-Physics
- CP violation
- measurements of the CKM matrix
- search for new physics with rare decays

4) A tiny bit of Top quarks

5) Other interesting Aspects: Particle Physics in the Hunt for Dark Matter
- CAST experiment
- XENON experiment
  Literature: Will be given in the lecture
  Comments: The first lecture will be on Tuesday April 7th, 16h c.t.

Registration for exercise classes will be via ecampus.

physics631 Quantum Optics
Tu 10-12, Th 14-16, HS, IAP
  Instructor(s): D. Meschede
  Prerequisites: Optik und Atomphysik-Grundvorlesung, Quantenmechanik
Optics and Atomic Physics Lectures, Quantum Mechanics
  Contents: Atom-Light Interaction, Bloch Vectors
Coherence of Light Fields
Quantisation of the Light Field
Two and Three Level Atoms
Laser Cooling of Atoms
Quantum Information
Cavity QED

  Literature: R. Loudon; The quantum theory of light (Oxford University Press 2000)
G. J. Milburn, D. F. Walls; Quantum Optics (Springer 1994)
D. Meschede; Optik, Licht und Laser (Teubner, Wiesbaden 2nd edition. 2005)
M. O. Scully, M. S. Zubairy; Quantum Optics (Cambridge 1997)
P. Meystre, M. Sargent; Elements of Quantum Optics (Springer 1999)
  Comments: Lecture: 3 Semesterwochenstunden (3 SWS)
Exercises: 2 hours, every two week alteranting with a lecture, 1 Semesterwochenstunde (1 SWS)
Di 10 c.t.-12
Do 14 c.t.-16
Details: See homepage of the lecture

physics636 Advanced Theoretical Particle Physics
Mo 12-14, Tu 14-16, HS, HISKP
  Instructor(s): H. Dreiner
  Prerequisites: Course in Theoretical Particle Physics
  Contents: Introduction to supersymmetry and supergravity
Supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM)
Supersymmetric Grand Unification
Theories of higher dimensional space-time
2-d fermions
  Literature: J.Wess and J.Bagger, Supersymmetry and supergravity, Princeton Univ. Press, 1992;
H.P. Nilles, Physics Reports 110C(1984)1;
D. Bailin and A. Love, Supersymmetric Gauge Field Theory and String Theory,
IOP Publishing Ltd. 1994
  Comments: Language will be English.

First lecture will be on Monday, April 7th, 2015.
physics712 Advanced Electronics and Signal Processing
Tu 10-12, Th 12, HS, HISKP
  Instructor(s): P.-D. Eversheim, H. Krüger
  Prerequisites: Electronics lab course
  Contents: This lecture addresses basic concepts, techniques, and electronics necessary to identify and handle relevant events in complex data streams or detector arrays, respectively. Advantages and limits of analogue and digital electronics will be explained and can be experienced by means of three major topics.

  1. Hands on experiment at the Bonn Isochronous Cyclotron: Set up electronics to identify whether an ejectile was a Proton, Deuteron, 3He or Alpha particle. Set up electronics to discriminate Neutrons from Gammas by pulse shape.

  2. Understand the potential of Digital Signal Processors (DSP). The hard- and software aspects are discussed and demonstrated by means of an experimental DSP-board. The demonstrations will focus on digital signal conditioning and filtering.

  3. Hands on course in Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) programming.

  Literature: The lectures does not follow a particular text book. Recommendations on background literature will be provided during the course.
  Comments: The experimental exercises to this lecture will be organized at the Bonn Isochronous Cyclotron and as a Chip Design Tutorial at the end of the term.
physics714  Advanced Accelerator Physics
We, Th 10-12, SR I, HISKP
  Instructor(s): W. Hillert
  Prerequisites: Mechanics, Electrodynamics, basic knowledge in Physics of Particle Accelerators (e.g. Accelerators Physics)
  Contents: Diese Veranstaltung ist eine Fortführung und Vertiefung der Vorlesung "Physik
der Teilchenbeschleuniger". Hier sollen, neben der Behandlung der
Synchrotronstrahlung und ihrem Einfluss auf die Strahleigenschaften in
Elektronenbeschleunigern, Methoden der Strahlkühlung, Kollider, kollektive
Phänomene, Spindynamik und Freie Elektronenlaser diskutiert werden. Darüber hinaus ist eine
Vertiefung des Lehrstoffes in praktischen Übungen am Beschleuniger ELSA

This course is a continuation of the lecture "Accelerator Physics". In
addition to the treatment of synchrotron radiation and its influence on the
beam characteristics in electron accelerators, methods of phase space cooling,
collider, collective effects, spin dynamics, and free electron lasers will be discussed. Furthermore,
deepening the subject matter by practical exercises at the ELSA accelerator
facility is planned.
  Literature: H. Wiedemann, Particle Accelerator Physics, Springer 1993, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-56550-7

D.A. Edwards, M.J. Syphers, An Introduction to the Physics of High Energy Accelerators, Wiley & Sons 1993, New York, ISBN 0-471-55163-5

F. Hinterberger, Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Ionenoptik, Springer 1996, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-61238-6

K. Wille, Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Synchrotronstrahlungsquellen, 2. überarb. und erw. Aufl., Teubner 1996, Stuttgart, ISBN 3-519-13087-4

S. Y. Lee, Accelerator Physics (Second Edition), World Scientific, Singapore 2004, ISBN 981-256-200-1 (pbk)

Script of the lecture “Accelerator Physics”: http:/www-elsa.physik.uni-bonn.de/~hillert/Beschleunigerphysik
  Comments: Es besteht die Möglichkeit, den Lernstoff durch detaillierte Besichtigungen und praktische Studien an der Beschleunigeranlage ELSA des Physikalischen Instituts zu veranschaulichen und zu vertiefen. Exkursionen zu anderen Beschleunigern sind vorgesehen. Zu dieser Vorlesung wird ein Script im Internet (pdf-Format) zur Verfügung gestellt.

The opportunity will be offered to exemplify and deepen the subject matter by detailed visits and practical studies at the institute of physics’ accelerator facility ELSA of the institute of physics. Excursions to other accelerators are intended. Accompanying the lecture, a script (pdf-format, english) is provided in on the internet.
physics717  High Energy Physics Lab
4 to 6 weeks on agreement
  Instructor(s): E. von Törne
  Contents: This course offers students in their first year of their Master studies the opportunity to participate in research activities. We plan to replace this course by a module that covers all research areas. Projects in high energy physics will still be possible. For questions, please contact Lecturer E. von Törne, evt@physik.uni-bonn.de.
  Comments: The students join one of the high energy physics groups groups and conduct their own small research project for typically 4 weeks. We recommend to participate in a project during term break (either in spring or summer/ early fall) but projects during the semester are also possible. More information here: http://heplab.physik.uni-bonn.de/
physics718  C++ Programming in High Energy Physics
We 8-10, SR I, HISKP
  Instructor(s): E. von Törne
  Prerequisites: Basic understanding of a programming language (C, Java, ..) is required. Basic
constructs such as if-clauses, for-loops and such are regarded as prerequisites.
  • Introduction, Basic ingredients of C and C++
  • Object
    orientation: classes, encapsulation, inheritance, polymorphism
  • How to
    solve physics problems with C++
  • How to navigate in complex programs

  • How to write and maintain complex programs
  • C++ in Data analysis,
    example: the ROOT library
  • C++ and large scale calculations

  • Standard Template Library
  • Debugging and profiling
  • Test-driven
  • Eckel: Thinking in C++, Prentice Hall 2000.
  • Lippman, Lajoie,
    Moo: C++ Primer, Addison-Wesley 2000.
  • Deitel and Deitel, C++ how to
    program, Prentice Hall 2007.
  • Stroustrup, The C++ Programming Language,
    Addison-Wesley 2000.
  Comments: Exercises will be held in the CIP-pool (AVZ). In the exercises students will be
introduced to modern programming tools, such as Debugger, profiler, integrated
development environments (eclipse).
physics732 Optics Lab
4 to 6 weeks on agreement
  Instructor(s): F. Vewinger, M. Köhl, S. Linden, D. Meschede, M. Weitz
  Prerequisites: BSc
  Contents: The Optics Lab is a 4-6 week long practical training/internship in one of the research groups in Photonics and Quantum Optics, which can have several aspects:
- setting up a small experiment
- testing and understanding the limits of experimental components
- simulating experimental situations

Credit points can be obtained after completion of a written report.

  Literature: Will be given by the supervisor
  Comments: For arranging the topic and time of the internship, please contact the group leader of the group you are interested in directly. Please note that a lead time of a few weeks may occur, so contact the group early. In case you are unsure if/where you want to do the optics lab, please contact Frank Vewinger for information.
physics738 Lecture on Advanced Topics in Quantum Optics: Basics of Quantum Information
We 14-16, HS, IAP
  Instructor(s): F. Vewinger
  Prerequisites: BSc
  Contents: This course provides an introduction to the theory and experimental realizations of quantum information. The lecture is distributed into three parts,the Basics, Quantum communcation and Quantum Computation. The rough outline is

  1. Basic Ingredients: Qubits, Entanglement, Bell Inequalities

  2. Quantum Communication & Cryptography: Key Generation Protocols (BB84, B92, Ekert,…), Dense Coding Protocols, Teleportation, Experimental Realizations

  3. Circuit Quantum Computation: Algorithms (Factorization, Inverse Search,…), Paradigms, Quantum vs. Classical

  4. Circuit Computation: Implementations: Atoms, Ions, NMR, …

  5. Irreversible Computation: Linear Optical Computing (Photons), Probabilistic Computing, Measurement-based Computing

  6. Interfaces: Quantum Memory, Quantum Repeater

  Literature: M. Nielsen and I. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000.
Additional Literature will be given in the lecture
physics740  Hands-on Seminar: Experimental Optics and Atomic Physics
Mo 9-11, IAP
  Dozent(en): M. Weitz u.M.
  Erforderliche Vorkenntnisse: Optik- und Atomphysik Grundvorlesungen, Quantenmechanik
  Inhalt: Diodenlaser
Optische Resonatoren
Akustooptische Modulatoren
und vieles mehr
  Literatur: wird gestellt
  Bemerkungen: Vorbesprechung am Montag, den 13.4.15, 9 c.t.,
Konferenzraum IAP, 3. Stock Wegelerstr. 8

Seminartermine ab 27.4.15
physics754  General Relativity and Cosmology
Mo 16-18, We 12, HS I, PI
  Instructor(s): H. Jockers, H.-P. Nilles
  Prerequisites: Theoretical Physics I and II (in particular Electrodynamics),
Basic Lectures in Mathematics

  • Special relativity and electrodynamics (recap)

  • Riemannian geometry

  • Einstein's equation

  • Gravitational waves

  • Black holes

  • Time evolution of the universe

  • Friedmann-Robertson-Walker solution


  • S. Carroll: Spacetime and Geometry - An Introduction to General Relativity

  • L.D. Landau, E.M. Lifschitz: Klassische Feldtheorie (Classical Field Theory)

  • S. Weinberg: Cosmology

physics773  Physics in Medicine II: Fundamentals of Medical Imaging
Mo 10-12, We 12, SR I, HISKP
  Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz, T. Stöcker
  Prerequisites: Vordiplom/Bachelor
  Contents: Introduction to physical imaging methods and medical imaging
(1) Physical fundamentals of transmission computer tomography (Röntgen-CT), positron emission
computer´tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional MRI
(1a) detectors, instrumentation, data acquisition, tracer, image reconstruction, BOLD effect
(1b) applications: analysis of structure and function
(2) Neuromagnetic (MEG) and Neuroelectrical (EEG) Imaging
(2a) Basics of neuroelectromagnetic activity, source models
(2b) instrumentation, detectors, SQUIDs
(2c) signal analysis, source imaging, inverse problems, applications
  Literature: 1. H. Morneburg (Hrsg.): Bildgebende Systeme für die medizinische Diagnostik, Siemens, 3. Aufl.
2. P. Bösiger: Kernspin-Tomographie für die medizinische Diagnostik, Teubner
3. Ed. S. Webb: The Physics of Medical Imaging, Adam Hilger, Bristol
4. O. Dössel: Bildgebende Verfahren in der Medizin, Springer, 2000
5. W. Buckel: Supraleitung, VCH Weinheim, 1993
6. E. Niedermeyer/F.H. Lopes da Silva; Electroencephalography, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1998
More literature will be offered
  Comments: Beginning: Mo, Apr 13
physics651 Joint BCGS Seminar on Detectors in Nuclear and Particle Physics
Mo 14-16
alternately in Bonn and Cologne
Cologne: Library IKP
1st meeting: 13.4.2015 in Bonn
  Instructor(s): R. Beck, J. Jolie (Köln), B. Ketzer, N. Wermes
  Prerequisites: BSc or Vordiplom, advanced class
useful: particle physics and/or nuclear physics lectures
useful: physics of detectors lecture
  Contents: The seminar will discuss the fundamentals of detectors used in nuclear and particle physics.

Example topics are:
- Interactions of particles and radiation with matter
- Gaseous and semiconductor Tracking Detectors  
- Particle identification
- Particle tracking
- Transition radiation detectors
- the physics of calorimeters
- ...
  Literature: W.R. Leo Techniques for Nuclear and Particle
Physics Experiments
K. Kleinknecht Detektoren für Teilchenstrahlung
D. Green The Physics of Particle Detectors
G. Knoll Radiation Detection and Measurement
  Comments: The seminar is a joint seminar between the universities of Bonn and Cologne within the Bonn-Cologne Graduate School and is open to all students.
The seminar will take place alternating in Bonn and in Cologne (Inst. f. Kernphysik).

*** The first meeting is on Monday 13th April 2015 in Bonn ***
physics653  Seminar on Symmetries and Symmetry Breaking in Particle and Nuclear Physics
We 10-12, SR II, HISKP
  Instructor(s): S. Krewald, T. Luu, U. Meißner, B. Metsch, A. Rusetsky, A. Wirzba
  Prerequisites: Quantum Mechanics and preferably Advanced Quantum Mechanics / Quantum Field Theory
  Contents: Possible topics (to be adjusted at the level of expertise of the participants):

  • Higgs mechanism

  • Chiral symmetry, Goldstone theorem and sigma models

  • Effective field theory for low-energy QCD

  • Chiral anomalies

  • Dilatation and trace anomalies and the generation of mass

  • Heavy-quark symmetries

  • Symmetry breaking on space-time lattices

  • Hadron spectroscopy on the lattice

  • Nuclear-lattice effective field theory

  • Solitons

  • Strong CP problem and axions

  • CP violation and electric dipole moments


  • General Textbooks on Particle/Hadron Physics and Quantum Field Theory, e.g.:

    • J.F. Donoghue, E. Golowich, B.R. Holstein, Dynamics of the Standard Model, Cambridge Univ. Press (1992)

    • M.E. Peskin & D.V. Schroeder, An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory, Westview Press (1995)

  • Specific literature will be given individually for the preparation of talks
  Comments: The two main goals of this seminar:

  1. Learning physics

  2. Learning how to give a good talk!

The first meeting will take place on April 8th at 10:15, SR II, HISKP
physics655 Seminar on Selected Items in Energy Physics
Th 14-16, HS 118, AVZ
  Instructor(s): B. Diekmann
  Prerequisites: Bachelor ( preferentially)

A look into the course in WS 14/15 (771)
as stored at ecampus under the instructors account would be useful.
e@campus password will be handed on request

  Contents: Thur 9.4: Introduction and fixing of timetable
Thur 16.4 excursion to spring meeting of the ‘Energy_group’ of German Physical Society-
Thur 23.4 Introduction continued, fixing of external & internal talks dated on
30.4, 7.5 ,21.5, 11.6 ,18.6 ,25.6 ,2.7 and summary on 9.7

A second excursion is planned to the FZ Jülich to get an overview
on research and development in the energy sector performed there

Focus of the seminar is 'saving' 'sustainability', intelligent production,
optimisation of (industrial and private) use of energy w.r.t. the prerequisites
of nature science principles and their constraints AND constraints from nonscientific origin

Students are invited to make proposals for their special focus
( 2 students per seminar contribution)

  Literature: Diekmann, Rosenthal, Energie, Teubner 2013-

Hans Wilhelm Schiffer, Energiemarkt Deutschland 2014, Verrlag TÜV Media

Dietrich Pelte, Die Zukunft unserer Energieversorgung, Springer 2010

previous courses under https://ecampus.uni-bonn.de
(account needed, password from lecturer:diekmann@physik.uni-bonn.de
  Comments: For Master students 4 CP's are credited to those regularly participating and giving a seminar talk with sufficient quality ( presentation/discussion with lecturer first and presentation to the auditorium hereafter)
physics656 Seminar Medical Physics: Physical Fundamentals of Medical Imaging
Mo 14-16, SR II, HISKP
  Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz, T.Stöcker
  Prerequisites: Vordiplom/Bachelor
  Contents: Physical Imaging Methods and Medical Imaging of Brain Functions
Emission Computer Tomography (PET)
- basics
- tracer imaging
- functional imaging with PET
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- basics
- functional MRI
- diffusion tensor imaging
- tracer imaging
Biological Signals: Bioelectricity, Biomagnetism
- basics
- recordings (EEG/MEG)
- source models
- inverse problems
  Literature: 1. O. Dössel: Bildgebende Verfahren in der Medizin, Springer, 2000
2. H. Morneburg (Hrsg.): Bildgebende Systeme für die medizinische Diagnostik,
Siemens, 3. Aufl.
3. H. J. Maurer / E. Zieler (Hrsg.): Physik der bildgebenden Verfahren in der Medizin,
4. P. Bösiger: Kernspin-Tomographie für die medizinische Diagnostik, Teubner
5. Ed. S. Webb: The Physics of Medical Imaging, Adam
  Comments: Time: Mo 14 - 16 and one lecture to be arranged
Beginning: Mo Apr. 13
6821 Research Internship / Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe (SiLab): Semiconductor pixel detector development and materials, FPGAs and ASIC Chips (Design and Testing) (D/E) (http://hep1.physik.uni-bonn.de),
whole day, ~4 weeks, preferred during off-teaching terms, by appointment, PI
  Instructor(s): F. Hügging, E. von Törne, N. Wermes u.M.
  Prerequisites: Lecture on detectors and electronics lab course (E-Praktikum)
  Contents: Research Internship:

Students shall receive an overview into the activities of a research group:

here: Development of Semiconductor Pixel Detectors and Micro-Electronics
  Literature: will be handed out
  Comments: early application necessary

6822 Research Internship / Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe:
Proton-Proton-Collisions at the LHC (D/E)
lab, whole day, ~4 weeks, preferred during off-teaching terms, by appointment, PI
  Instructor(s): J. Kroseberg, T. Lenz, E. von Törne, N. Wermes
  Prerequisites: Lecture(s) on Particle Physics
  Contents: Within 4 weeks students receive an overview/insight of the research carried out in our research group.

Topics: Analyses of data taken with the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC
especially: Higgs and Top physics, tau-final states and b-tagging

The exact schedule depends on the number of applicants appearing at the same time.
  Literature: will be handed out
  Comments: Early application is required
Contacts: E. von Törne, T. Lenz, M. Cristinziani, J. Kroseberg, N. Wermes
6826 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Neurophysik, Computational Physics, Zeitreihenanalyse
pr, ganztägig, ca. 4 Wochen, n. Vereinb., HISKP u. Klinik für Epileptologie
  Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz u.M.
  Prerequisites: basics of programming language (e.g. C, C++, Pascal, Python)
  Contents: This laboratory course provides insight into the current research activities of the Neurophysics group.

Introduction to time series analysis techniques for biomedical data, neuronal modelling, cellular neural networks. Opportunity for original research on a topic of own choice, with concluding presentation to the group.
  Literature: Working materials will be provided.
  Comments: Contact:

Prof. Dr. K. Lehnertz

email: klaus.lehnertz@ukb.uni-bonn.de
6833 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Aufbau und Test optischer und spektroskopischer Experimente, Erstellung von Simulationen / Laboratory in the Research Group: Setup and Testing of Optical and Spectroscopical Experiments, Simulation Programming (D/E)
pr, ganztägig, Dauer ca. 4-6 Wochen, n. Vereinb., IAP
  Instructor(s): D. Meschede u.M.
  Prerequisites: Two years of physics studies (undergraduate/ bachelor program)
  Contents: Practical training in the research group can have several aspects:

--- setting up a small experiment
--- testing and understanding the limits of experimental components
--- simulating experimental situations

The minimum duration is 30 days, or 6 weeks.
  Literature: will be individually handed out
  Comments: Projects are always available. See our website.
6834  Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Vorbereitung und Durchführung optischer und atomphysikalischer Experimente, Mitwirkung an Forschungsprojekten der Arbeitsgruppe / Laboratory in the Research Group: Preparation and conduction of optical and atomic physics experiments, Participation at research projects of the group (D/E)
pr, ganztägig, 2-6 Wochen n. Vereinb., IAP
  Dozent(en): M. Weitz u.M.
  Erforderliche Vorkenntnisse: Optik und Atomphysik Grundvorlesungen, Quantenmechanik
  Inhalt: Studenten soll frühzeitig die Möglichkeit geboten werden, an aktuellen Forschungsthemen aus dem Bereich der experimentellen Quantenoptik mitzuarbeiten: Ultrakalte atomare Gase, Bose-Einstein-Kondensation, kollektive photonische Quanteneffekte. Die genaue Themenstellung des Praktikums erfolgt nach Absprache.
  Literatur: wird gestellt
  Bemerkungen: Homepage der Arbeitsgruppe:

6838 Praktische Übungen zur Bildgebung und Bildverarbeitung in der Medizin
pr, Kliniken Venusberg
(Teilnahme am Seminar "Medizinische Physik" erforderlich)
  Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz, C. Berg, P. David, T. Stöcker, F. Träber, P. Trautner
  Contents: Vertiefung der Seminarthemen;
Praktische Beispiele der Bildgebung in der pränatalen Diagnostik, Radiologie und

Continuation of topics addressed in the seminar; examples of medical imaging in prenatal diagnosis, radiology, and neurosciences.
  Comments: Termine werden im Laufe des Semester bekannt gegeben.

Dates to be arranged during the semester.
6839 Public presentation of Science / Öffentliche Präsentation von Wissenschaft
2 SWS, Termin nach Vereinbarung
  Instructor(s): H. Dreiner
  Prerequisites: Interesse an der öffentlichen Präsentation von Physik.
  Contents: Vorbereitung und Durchführung einer öffentlichen Physikshow.
Alle, die bei der Physikshow mitmachen, können sich hier anmelden, und es erscheint auf ihren Transcripts.
astro821  Astrophysics of galaxies
Th 15:00-18, Raum 0.012, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): P. Kroupa
  Prerequisites: The following lectures ought to have been attended: Introduction to Astronomy I and II, Stars and Stellar Evolution, The Interstellar Medium
  Contents: The types of galaxies;

fundamentals of stellar dynamics (Jeans equations, relaxation time);

elliptical galaxies;

disk galaxies;

stellar populations in galaxies;

formation of galaxies;

dwarf galaxies (primordial dwarfs, tidal dwarfs, ultra-compact dwarfs);

dark matter and alternatives to Newtonian gravity.
  Literature: Galactic dynamics by J.Binney and S.Tremaine (1987, Princeton University Press);

Galactic Astronomy by J.Binney and M.Merrifield (1998, Princeton University Press);

Galaxies in the Universe by L.Sparke and J.Gallagher (2000, Cambridge University Press)
  Comments: This course is worth 6 credit points. To achieve these attendance of the lectures and of the tutorials is recommended and the exam needs to be passed.
astro822 Physics of the interstellar medium
Mo 11:15-12:30, Tu 15-16:15, Raum 0.012, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): F. Bertoldi
  Prerequisites: Introductory astronomy
  Contents: Participants will acquire an understanding of the physics of the different phases and constituents of the
ISM. The importance for star formation and the effects on the structure and evolution of galaxies will be
discussed briefly, as well as observing techniques in various wavelength domains.
Contents: Constituents of the interstellar medium, physical processes, radiative transfer, recombination,
HI 21cm line, absorption lines, Stromgren spheres, HII regions, interstellar dust, molecular gas and
clouds, shocks, photodissociation regions, energy balance, the multi-phase ISM, gravitational stability and
star formation.
  Literature: B. Draine; The Physics of the Interstellar and Intergalactic Medium (Princeton Univ. Press 2010)
J. Lequeux; The Interstellar Medium (Springer 2005)
  Comments: The successful participation in the tutorials is requirement for the admission to the final exam.
Time of lectures may be shifted +-15 min depending on student time constraints.
Lectures begin Monday 13. April.
astro8402 X-ray astronomy
Fr 13-15, Raum 0.012, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): T. Reiprich
  Prerequisites: Introductory astronomy course.
  Contents: X-rays are emitted from regions where the Universe is hot and wild. The lecture will provide an overview of modern X-ray observations of all major X-ray sources, e.g., remnants of exploded stars, the vicinities of lightweight and supermassive black holes, and collisions of galaxy clusters -- the most massive objects in the Universe. The physical properties of X-ray radiation as well as current and future space-based instruments used to carry out such observations will be described. In the accompanying lab sessions, the participants will learn how to download, reduce, and analyze recent X-ray data from a satellite observatory.
  Literature: A script of the lecture notes will be provided.
astro8403  Hydrodynamics and astrophysical magnetohydrodynamics
We 13:30-15, Raum 0.008, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): J. Braithwaite
  Prerequisites: Vector calculus, thermodynamics
  Contents: The course covers all fundamental concepts of hydrodynamics, and is accessible for all physics students,
not just astrophysicists. There is a bias towards scientific rather than engineering applications, i.e. a
greater emphasis on e.g. stellar winds, and atmospheric waves and supernovae than on airflow over
aeroplane wings, and more specifically on astro-, geo- and planetary physics. The topics covered are (in
approximately this order): the hydrodynamics equations; basic concepts such as Bernoulli's equation,
(in)compressible, sub- and supersonic flow, nozzles, stellar winds and vorticity; waves of a few different
and relevant types, as well as associated instabilities of interest to astrophysicists and associated
turbulence; viscosity, similarity flows and boundary layers; shocks; rotating fluid systems; and finally a
brief introduction to magnetohydrodynamics, the study of electrically conducting fluids, including some
astrophysical contexts such as the solar corona, jets and discs.
  Literature: Landau & Lifschitz "Hydrodynamics";
Choudhuri "The physics of fluids and plasmas";
Pedlosky "Geophysical fluid dynamics";
Shore "Astrophysical hydrodynamics" ;
Spruit "Essential magnetohydrodynamics" http://arxiv.org/abs/1301.5572
  Comments: The last part of the course introduces magnetohydrodynamics, whose applications lie mainly in
astrophysics. If you basically know about fluid dynamics already but would like to learn something about
MHD, you are more than welcome to attend the last ~2 lectures in the course as a "tourist" - they are
designed to be stand alone, i.e. understandable if you didn't attend the other lectures. Check the webpage
to see the dates of these lectures.
astro8404  Radiointerferometry: Methods and Science
Tu 12-15, Raum 0.006, AIfA
  Instructor(s): F. Bertoldi, S. Mühle, P. Schilke, M. Kramer
  Prerequisites: Basic astronomy
  Contents: This course offers a hands-on overview of major aspects of radio/mm/submm interferometry for master
students as well as for PhD students and senior astronomers. The lectures start with a general introduction
to radio interferometry and data reduction, followed by presentations of special aspects of radio
astronomical observations and science given by experts of their respective fields. The course also
comprises hands-on tutorials, where participants learn how to reduce interferometric data with AIPS and
  Literature: to be announced
  Comments: Following the hands-on approach of the course, the exam (Prüfungsleistung) will be a presentation
(Referat) on the analysis of an interferometric dataset you will be handed at the beginning of the course.
The data analysis and the results are to be described in a short paper (5-12 A4 pages) and an oral
presentation of 15 min length.

Lecture on Tuesdays, 12:15-13:45, tutorials 14:00-15:00
Begins on 14. April 2015.
astro847 Optical Observations
Fr 11-13, Raum 0.012, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): H. Hildebrandt, T. Schrabback
  Prerequisites: Astronomy introduction classes
  Contents: Optical CCD and near infrared imaging, conducting and planning observing runs,
detectors, data reduction, catalogue handling, astrometry, coordinate systems,
photometry, spectroscopy, photometric redshifts, basic weak lensing data
analysis, current surveys, ground-based data versus Hubble Space Telescope
observations, how to write observing proposals.

Practical experience is gained by obtaining and analysing multi-filter CCD
imaging observations of galaxy clusters using the 50cm telescope on the AIfA
rooftop, as well as the analysis of professional data from the archive.
  Literature: Provided upon registration.
  Comments: The class has a strong focus on hands-on observations and data analysis. It
should be particularly useful for students who consider conducting a master's
thesis project which involves the analysis of optical imaging data from
professional telescopes (e.g. wide-field imaging data or Hubble Space Telescope
astro848  Galactic and intergalactic magnetic fields
Tu 13-15, Raum 0.008, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): U. Klein, N. Ben Bekhti
  Prerequisites: electro-dynamics, introduction to astronomy, interstellar medium
  Contents: 1. Introduction
2. Diagnostics
3. Milky Way
4. External galaxies
5. Active Galactic Nuclei
6. Intergalactic magnetic fields
7. Cosmological magnetic fields

  Literature: Lecture Notes, fully spelled out, provided at the beginning of the course

Galactic and Intergalactic Magnetic Fields
Springer Praxis Books
Klein, Ulrich, Fletcher, Andrew
astro849 Multiwavelength observations of galaxy clusters
Mo 15.30-17, Raum 0.008, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): T. Reiprich, Y. Zhang
  Prerequisites: Introductory astronomy courses.
  Contents: Aims of the course:
To introduce the students into the largest clearly defined structures in the Universe, clusters of galaxies. In modern astronomy, it has been realized that a full understanding of objects cannot be achieved by looking at just one waveband. Different phenomena become apparent only in certain wavebands, e.g., the most massive visible component of galaxy clusters -- the intracuster gas -- cannot be detected with optical telescopes. Moreover, some phenomena, e.g., radio outbursts from supermassive black holes, influence others like the X-ray emission from the intracluster gas. In this course, the students will acquire a synoptic, multiwavelength view of galaxy groups and galaxy clusters.
Contents of the course:
The lecture covers galaxy cluster observations from all wavebands, radio through gamma-ray, and provides a comprehensive overview of the physical mechanisms at work. Specifically, the following topics will be covered: galaxies and their evolution, physics and chemistry of the hot intracluster gas, relativistic gas, and active supermassive black holes, cluster weighing methods, Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect, gravitational lensing, radio halos and relics, tailed radio galaxies, and the most energetic events in the Universe since the big bang: cluster mergers.
  Literature: Lecture script and references therein.
astro8504  Lecture on Advanced Topics in Modern Astrophysics: The physics of compact objects
Th 9-11, Raum 0.008, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): T. Tauris
  Prerequisites: BSc in Physics
  Contents: A general introduction to the basic, fascinating physics of compact objects
(neutron stars, white dwarfs and black holes) and their binary interactions. We
introduce the theory of degenerate Fermi gases and apply it to simple equations
of state for white dwarfs and neutron stars. We investigate the structure,
cooling and evolution of white dwarfs and neutron stars and compare with
observational properties. We analyse the formation, evolution and detection of
X-ray binaries, including the dynamical effects of asymmetric supernovae. In
particular, we discuss the formation of millisecond radio pulsars and also the
recent discoveries associated with the extremely magnetic neutron stars called
magnetars. Finally, we learn about the nature and the detection of
waves which will soon open a new window to the Universe.
  Literature: Key background book: Shapiro & Teukolsky (1983) "Black Holes, White Dwarfs and
Neutron Stars" (Wiley), supplemented with recent review papers and the latest
observational results. See the lecture homepage for more details.
  Comments: Please see:
astro851  Stellar and solar coronae
Th 13-15:15, Raum 0.01, MPIfR
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): M. Massi
  Contents: T Tauri (young stellar systems not yet in Main Sequence) and RS CVn systems (evolved stellar systems that already left the Main Sequence), although very diverse systems, have similar flare activities observed at radio and X-ray wavelengths.

The flares in both systems are several orders of magnitude stronger than those of the Sun. The origin of this activity, defined "coronal activity", depends on the convective zone, the rotation, the formation and dissipation of magnetic fields. In general terms: This is a mechanism of the same type as on the Sun, but enforced by the binary nature of these systems.

In these lectures we will explore a link between the amplification of initial magnetic fields by dynamo action in several rotating systems ( Sun, binary systems and accretion discs around black holes) and the release of magnetic energy into a corona where particles are accelerated.

Together with the basic theory there will be as well illustrated the latest progress in the research on stellar coronal emission derived from recent space missions and high-resolution radio observations.

Solar Cycle: Observations
Solar Cycle: Theory
Flare theory
The standard model of the solar flares
Physical Processes
Stellar Coronae
  Literature: The Solar Corona by Golub and Pasachoff. Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  Comments: http://www3.mpifr-bonn.mpg.de/staff/mmassi/#coronae1
astro893  Seminar on stellar systems: star clusters and dwarf galaxies
Tu 16:15-17:45, Raum 3.010, AIfA
  Instructor(s): P. Kroupa, J. Pflamm-Altenburg
  Prerequisites: Vordiplom or Bachelor in physics;
The lecture "Stars and Stellar Evolution" (astro811);
The lecture "Astrophysics of Galaxies" (astro821)
  Contents: The newest literature (e.g. papers from the electronic pre-print server) relevant to research on stars, stellar populations, galaxies and dynamics;
current and preliminary research results by group members and guests on the above topics.
  Literature: Latest astro-ph pre-prints, or recently published research papers.
  Comments: This course is worth 4 credit points. The corresponding certificate ("Schein") is awarded if the student (a) attends the seminar and (b) holds a presentation. The certificate can be picked up either from P.Kroupa or in the office of the secretary on the third floor (AIfA) at the end of the semester.

The students will be introduced to the newest state of knowledge in the field of stellar astrophysics, star clusters, galaxies and dynamics. They will familiarise themselves with open questions and acquire knowledge on the newest methods in research.