.pdf-Version des Kommentierten Vorlesungsverzeichnisses

Kommentiertes Vorlesungsverzeichnis Sommersemester 2016

Logo der Fachgruppe Physik-Astronomie der Universität Bonn

physics633 High Energy Collider Physics
Mo 10-12, HS, HISKP, Th 8-10, SR I, HISKP
  Instructor(s): K. Desch, P. Wagner
  Prerequisites: Nuclear and Particle Physics (physik511)
Particle Physics (physics611): recommended but not mandatory
  Contents: Physics at high-energy hadron and lepton colliders. The course covers topics in experimental high energy
physics at particle colliders such as the LHC (proton-proton), LEP (electron-positron) and HERA (electron-
proton). The largest part of the lecture will focus on the physics and recent measurements at the LHC
including the discovery of a Higgs boson and the search for new particles.
Various physics processes, experimental methods and key measurements will be discussed in

The list of topics includes:
- Basics of pp and e+e- collisions
- LHC machine and detectors
- QCD at hadron colliders
- Proton structure
- Electroweak physics
- Top quarks
- Higgs physics
- Searches for physics beyond the Standard Model (Supersymmetry, extra dimensions, ...)

  Literature: The lectures do not follow a particular text book. Specific literature on recent measurements will be given
in the lecture. Examples of textbooks that are useful for this lecture are:
Particle physics (general):
M. Thomson, Modern Particle Physics, Cambridge University Press
D. Griffiths, Introduction to elementary particles,Wiley F.Halzen,A.D.Martin,Quarks and leptons,Wiley
A. Seiden, Particle physics, Addison-Wesley
Collider physics (more specialized):
D. Green, High pt physics at hadron colliders, Cambridge University Press I.C. Brock,T. Schörner-Sadenius
(eds.), Physics at the Terascale, Wiley
T. Binoth et al (eds.), LHC physics, CRC press
More theory driven books:
T. Plehn, Lectures on LHC physics, Springer
R.K. Ellis,W.J. Stirling, B.R.Webber, QCD and collider physics, Cambridge University Press V. Barger, R.
Phillips, Collider Physics,Westview
Some specialized books (more resources during the course):
M.G.Green et al, Electron-positron physics at the Z, IOPP
G. Kane, A. Pierce, Perspectives on LHC physics, World Scientific
A. Quadt, Top quark physics at hadron colliders, Springer
T. Morii et al, The physics of the Standard Model and Beyond, World Scientific
  Comments: The 3+1 (lecture + exercises) hours course will be given as 4+0 and 2+2 in alternating weeks.
eCampus: https://ecampus.uni-bonn.de/goto_ecampus_crs_776107.html
physics636  Advanced Theoretical Particle Physics
Mo 12, Tu 14-16, HS I, PI
  Instructor(s): M. Drees
  Prerequisites: Course in Theoretical Particle Physics
  Contents: Neutrino masses and oscillations
Grand Unified Theories
Introduction to supersymmetry
Supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM)

  Literature: J.Wess and J.Bagger, Supersymmetry and supergravity, Princeton Univ. Press, 1992;
H.P. Nilles, Physics Reports 110C(1984)1;
M. Drees, R.M. Godbole and P. Roy, Theory and Phenomenology of Sparticles
  Comments: Language will be English.

First lecture will be on Monday, April 11, 2016.
physics637  Advanced Theoretical Hadron Physics
We 14-17, SR I, HISKP
  Instructor(s): T. Luu, A. Wirzba
  Prerequisites: Theoretical Hadron Physics (physics616) or equivalent

  • Chiral Perturbation Theory with Light Mesons

  • Chiral Perturbation Theory with Heavy Sources

  • Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics

  • Nuclear Lattice Effective Field Theory


  1. S. Scherer, Introduction to Chiral Perturbation Theory, Adv. Nucl. Phys. 27 (2003) 277-538, arXiv:hep-ph/0210398

  2. S. Scherer, M. R. Schindler, A Primer for Chiral Perturbation Theory, Springer-Verlag (2012)

  3. A. V. Manohar, M. B. Wise, Heavy Quark Physics, Cambridge University Press (2000)

  4. C. Gattringer, C. Lang, Quantum Chromodynamics on the Lattice, Springer-Verlag (2010)

  5. S. Weinberg, The Quantum Theory of Fields, Volume 2: Modern Applications, Cambridge University Press (2005)

  6. J. F. Donoghue, E. Golowich, B. R. Holstein, Dynamics of the Standard Model (2nd ed.), Cambridge University Press (2014)

  Comments: A basic knowledge of Quantum Field Theory is useful.
physics712 Advanced Electronics and Signal Processing
Tu 10, Th 12-14, HS, HISKP
  Instructor(s): P.-D. Eversheim, H. Krüger
  Prerequisites: Electronics lab course
  Contents: This lecture addresses basic concepts, techniques, and electronics necessary to identify and handle relevant events in complex data streams or detector arrays, respectively. Advantages and limits of analogue and digital electronics will be explained and can be experienced by means of three major topics.

  1. Hands on experiment at the Bonn Isochronous Cyclotron: Set up electronics to identify whether an ejectile was a Proton, Deuteron, 3He or Alpha particle. Set up electronics to discriminate Neutrons from Gammas by pulse shape.

  2. Understand the potential of Digital Signal Processors (DSP). The hard- and software aspects are discussed and demonstrated by means of an experimental DSP-board. The demonstrations will focus on digital signal conditioning and filtering.

  3. Hands on course in Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) programming.

  Literature: The lectures does not follow a particular text book. Recommendations on background literature will be provided during the course.
  Comments: The experimental exercises to this lecture will be organized at the Bonn Isochronous Cyclotron and as a Chip Design Tutorial at the end of the term.
physics713  Particle Detectors and Instrumentation
Tu 14:00-15:30, Konferenzraum II, PI 1.049, PI, We 13, HS, HISKP
  Instructor(s): R. Beck, H. Schmieden
  Prerequisites: – physics 511 (nuclear and particle physics) necessary
– (basic) knowledge of C / C++ and Unix OS
– (basic) knowledge electronics
  Contents: – design and conduct an experiment on pi-0 photo production at ELSA
– setup and test individual detector modules in lab
– setup and test detector electronics
– setup and test of data acquisition
– basic data analysis using CERN software packages
  Literature: W. R. Leo; Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Detection (Springer, Heidelberg 2. Ed. 1994)
K. Kleinknecht; Detektoren für Teilchenstrahlung (Teubner, Wiesbaden 4. überarb. Aufl. 2005)
B. Povh, K. Rith, C. Scholz, F. Zetsche; Teilchen und Kerne (Springer, Heidelberg 6. Aufl. 2004)
Perkins; Introduction to High Energy Physics (Cambridge University Press 4. Aufl. 2000)
  Comments: Hands-on Lab Course with supporting lecture
physics714 Advanced Accelerator Physics
We, Th 10-12, SR I, HISKP
  Instructor(s): W. Hillert
  Prerequisites: Mechanics, Electrodynamics, basic knowledge in Physics of Particle Accelerators (e.g. Accelerators Physics)
  Contents: Diese Veranstaltung ist eine Fortführung und Vertiefung der Vorlesung "Physik
der Teilchenbeschleuniger". Hier sollen, neben der Behandlung der
Synchrotronstrahlung und ihrem Einfluss auf die Strahleigenschaften in
Elektronenbeschleunigern, Methoden der Strahlkühlung, Kollider, kollektive
Phänomene, Spindynamik und Freie Elektronenlaser diskutiert werden. Darüber hinaus ist eine
Vertiefung des Lehrstoffes in praktischen Übungen am Beschleuniger ELSA

This course is a continuation of the lecture "Accelerator Physics". In
addition to the treatment of synchrotron radiation and its influence on the
beam characteristics in electron accelerators, methods of phase space cooling,
collider, collective effects, spin dynamics, and free electron lasers will be discussed. Furthermore,
deepening the subject matter by practical exercises at the ELSA accelerator
facility is planned.
  Literature: H. Wiedemann, Particle Accelerator Physics, Springer 1993, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-56550-7

D.A. Edwards, M.J. Syphers, An Introduction to the Physics of High Energy Accelerators, Wiley & Sons 1993, New York, ISBN 0-471-55163-5

F. Hinterberger, Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Ionenoptik, Springer 1996, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-61238-6

K. Wille, Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Synchrotronstrahlungsquellen, 2. überarb. und erw. Aufl., Teubner 1996, Stuttgart, ISBN 3-519-13087-4

S. Y. Lee, Accelerator Physics (Second Edition), World Scientific, Singapore 2004, ISBN 981-256-200-1 (pbk)

Script of the lecture “Accelerator Physics”: http:/www-elsa.physik.uni-bonn.de/~hillert/Beschleunigerphysik
  Comments: Es besteht die Möglichkeit, den Lernstoff durch detaillierte Besichtigungen und praktische Studien an der Beschleunigeranlage ELSA des Physikalischen Instituts zu veranschaulichen und zu vertiefen. Exkursionen zu anderen Beschleunigern sind vorgesehen. Zu dieser Vorlesung wird ein Script im Internet (pdf-Format) zur Verfügung gestellt.

The opportunity will be offered to exemplify and deepen the subject matter by detailed visits and practical studies at the institute of physics’ accelerator facility ELSA of the institute of physics. Excursions to other accelerators are intended. Accompanying the lecture, a script (pdf-format, english) is provided in on the internet.
physics716 Statistical Methods of Data Analysis
Fr 10-12, HS, HISKP
  Instructor(s): I. Brock
  Prerequisites: Some prior knowledge of particle physics would be helpful.
  Contents: From the first lab. course that you take to the design and construction of an experiment; from the first
simulations to the final analysis of the data from our experiment, the proper application of statistical methods
is essential.

The aim of this course is to provide a foundation in statistical methods and to give some concrete examples
of how the methods are applied to data analysis. Standard statistical distributions will be discussed and
examples given of when they are expected to occur and how they are related.

Techniques for fitting data will be discussed. The treatment of systematic errors, as well as methods to
combine results from different experiments which may have common error sources will also be covered.

The search for new physics, even when no signal is observed, allows limits to be placed on the size of
possible effects. These can provide severe constraints on theoretical models. Methods for calculating upper
limits taking into account several error sources will also be considered.
  Literature: R. J. Barlow: Statistics
V. Blobel and E. Lohrmann: Statistische und numerische Methoden
der Datenanalyse
F. James: Statistical methods in experimental physics
Glen Cowan: Statistical Data Analysis
physics722  Advanced Gaseous Detectors - Theory and Practice
Tu 12-14, Th 14-16, HS, HISKP
  Instructor(s): B. Ketzer
  Prerequisites: Required: Completed B.Sc. in physics (electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, nuclear and particle physics)
Recommended: physics618 (Physics of Particle Detectors)
  Contents: • Microscopic processes in gaseous detectors
• Formation of electronic signal in detectors
• Readout electronics, data acquisition
• Tools for detector design and simulation
• Performance criteria
• Track reconstruction
• Laboratory: commissioning of detector with sources, beam test at accelerator
  Literature: ROOT: http://root.cern.ch
GARFIELD: http://garfieldpp.web.cern.ch/garfieldpp/
Blum, Rolandi, Riegler: Particle Detection with Drift Chambers
Spieler: Semiconductor Detector Systems
  Comments: The course will consist of lectures on advanced theoretical concepts of particle detectors, and of practical work with software tools and detector hardware in the laboratory.

The course will be completed with the submission and defense of a written report.

Limited number of participants.
physics738 Lecture on Advanced Topics in Quantum Optics: Basics of Quantum Information
We 12-14, HS, IAP
  Instructor(s): M. Köhl
  Prerequisites: BSc
  Contents: This course provides an introduction to theory and experimental
realization of quantum information processing.

  1. Basic Ingredients: Qubits, Entanglement, Bell

  2. Quantum Communication & Cryptography

  3. Physical implementations

  4. Quantum algorithms

  5. Decoherence and quantum error correction

  6. Quantum simulation

  Literature: M. Nielsen and I. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information, Cambridge
University Press, Cambridge, 2000.
Additional Literature will be given in the lecture
  Comments: 2 hours lecture + 1 hour tutorial (time slot to be fixed in first lecture)
physics765 Advanced Topics in Quantum Field Theory: Conformal Field Theory
Th 13, Fr 13-15, HS, IAP
  Instructor(s): H. Jockers
  Prerequisites: Quantum Field Theory (physics755)
Advanced Theoretical Physics (physics607)
  Contents: An introduction to two-dimensional conformal field theories, topics include:

  • Conformal symmetry in various and particular two dimensions

  • Operator formalism

  • Minimal models

  • Modular invariance

  • Wess-Zumino-Witten models

  Literature: Di Francesco, Mathieu, Senechal, "Conformal Field Theory", Springer
Blumenhagen, Plauschinn, "Introduction to Conformal Field Theory", Springer
Ginsparg, "Applied Conformal Field Theory", hep-th/9108028
Fuchs, "Lectures on Conformal Field Theory and Kac-Moody-Algebras", hep-th/9702194
physics773 Physics in Medicine: Fundamentals of Medical Imaging
Mo 10-12, We 12, SR I, HISKP
  Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz
  Prerequisites: Bachelor
  Contents: Introduction to physical imaging methods and medical imaging
(1) Physical fundamentals of transmission computer tomography (Röntgen-CT), positron emission
computer´tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional MRI
(1a) detectors, instrumentation, data acquisition, tracer, image reconstruction, BOLD effect
(1b) applications: analysis of structure and function
(2) Neuromagnetic (MEG) and Neuroelectrical (EEG) Imaging
(2a) Basics of neuroelectromagnetic activity, source models
(2b) instrumentation, detectors, SQUIDs
(2c) signal analysis, source imaging, inverse problems, applications
  Literature: 1. H. Morneburg (Hrsg.): Bildgebende Systeme für die medizinische Diagnostik, Siemens, 3. Aufl.
2. P. Bösiger: Kernspin-Tomographie für die medizinische Diagnostik, Teubner
3. Ed. S. Webb: The Physics of Medical Imaging, Adam Hilger, Bristol
4. O. Dössel: Bildgebende Verfahren in der Medizin, Springer, 2000
5. W. Buckel: Supraleitung, VCH Weinheim, 1993
6. E. Niedermeyer/F.H. Lopes da Silva; Electroencephalography, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1998
More literature will be offered
  Comments: Beginning: Wed, Apr 13
physics651  Joint BCGS Seminar on Detectors in Nuclear and Particle Physics
Mo 14-16, SR II, HISKP
  Instructor(s): R. Beck, I. Brock, K. Desch, J. Dingfelder, J. Kaminski, B. Ketzer, N. Wermes
  Prerequisites: BSc or Vordiplom, advanced class
useful: particle physics and/or nuclear physics lectures
useful: physics of detectors lecture
  Contents: The seminar will discuss the fundamentals of detectors used in nuclear and particle physics.

Example topics are:
- Interactions of particles and radiation with matter
- Gaseous and semiconductor Tracking Detectors  
- Particle identification
- Particle tracking
- Transition radiation detectors
- Physics of calorimeters
- ...
  Literature: W.R. Leo Techniques for Nuclear and Particle
Physics Experiments
K. Kleinknecht Detektoren für Teilchenstrahlung
D. Green The Physics of Particle Detectors
G. Knoll Radiation Detection and Measurement
  Comments: The seminar is a joint seminar between the universities of Bonn and Cologne within the Bonn-Cologne Graduate School and is open to all students.
The seminar will take place in Bonn (HISKP SR II).

*** The first meeting is on Monday 11th April 2016 in Bonn ***
physics654  Seminar on Non-Accelerator Particle and Astroparticle Physics
Fr 10-12, Konferenzraum II, PI 1.049, PI
  Instructor(s): K. Desch, M. Drees, H. Dreiner, H.-P. Nilles
  Prerequisites: Introductory particle physics is required. A prior class in (experimental and/or theoretical) astroparticle physics may be helpful, but is not required; the same goes for introductory cosmology.
  Contents: Non-Accelerator particle physics deals with experimental or phenomenological aspects of particle physics not (directly) related to experiments with artificially accelerated beams of particles. An important branch of this is
astro-particle physics, which deals with particle physics aspects of astrophysics and (early universe) cosmology. Other examples are searches for proton decay, or precision measurements of electric or magnetic dipole moments.

This seminar combines experimental and theoretical non-accelerator particle physics.

Possible topics for seminar talks include: Neutrino oscillations; solar neutrinos and their detection; atmospheric neutrinos and their detection; neutrinos from core collapse supernovae; observational evidence for Dark Matter; calculation of the thermal WIMP Dark Matter density; direct WIMP detection; indirect WIMP detection; Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and the abundance of light elements; cosmic microwave background -- theory and observations; cosmic rays; nucleon decay -- theory and experiment; axions -- theory and searches.

Students are encouraged to suggest additional topics.
  Literature: Literature for each talk will be provided.
physics656 Seminar Medical Physics: Physical Fundamentals of Medical Imaging
Mo 14-16, SR I, HISKP
  Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz
  Prerequisites: Bachelor
  Contents: Physical Imaging Methods and Medical Imaging of Brain Functions
Emission Computer Tomography (PET)
- basics
- tracer imaging
- functional imaging with PET
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- basics
- functional MRI
- diffusion tensor imaging
- tracer imaging
Biological Signals: Bioelectricity, Biomagnetism
- basics
- recordings (EEG/MEG)
- source models
- inverse problems
  Literature: 1. O. Dössel: Bildgebende Verfahren in der Medizin, Springer, 2000
2. H. Morneburg (Hrsg.): Bildgebende Systeme für die medizinische Diagnostik,
Siemens, 3. Aufl.
3. H. J. Maurer / E. Zieler (Hrsg.): Physik der bildgebenden Verfahren in der Medizin,
4. P. Bösiger: Kernspin-Tomographie für die medizinische Diagnostik, Teubner
5. Ed. S. Webb: The Physics of Medical Imaging, Adam
  Comments: Time: Mo 14 - 16 and one lecture to be arranged
Beginning: Mo Apr. 18
6820  Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Entwicklung, Aufbau und Test von Detektoren für Experimente der Hadronenphysik; Analysen und Monte-Carlo Simulationen für das BGO-OD Experiment an ELSA. / Laboratory in the Research Group: Development, setup and test of detectors for hadron physics experiments; analyses and Monte-Carlo simulations for the BGO-OD experiment at ELSA.
pr., ganztägig, Dauer ca. 2-4 Wochen, Zeit n.V., PI
  Instructor(s): H. Schmieden
  Prerequisites: physics511
  Contents: Development, setup and test of detectors for hadron physics experiments; analyses and Monte-Carlo
simulations for the BGO-OD experiment at ELSA.
6821 Research Internship / Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe (SiLab): Detector Development: Semiconductor pixel detectors, pixel sensors, FPGAs and ASIC Chips (Design and Testing) (D/E) (http://hep1.physik.uni-bonn.de),
whole day, ~4 weeks, preferred during off-teaching terms, by appointment, PI
  Instructor(s): F. Hügging, H. Krüger, E. von Törne, N. Wermes u.M.
  Prerequisites: Lecture on detectors and electronics lab course (E-Praktikum)
  Contents: Research Internship:

Students shall receive an overview into the activities of a research group:

here: Development of Semiconductor Pixel Detectors and Micro-Electronics
  Literature: will be handed out
  Comments: early application necessary

6822 Research Internship / Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe:
Proton-Proton-Collisions at the LHC (D/E)
lab, whole day, ~4 weeks, preferred during off-teaching terms, by appointment, PI
  Instructor(s): M. Cristinziani, J. Kroseberg, T. Lenz, E. von Törne, N. Wermes
  Prerequisites: Lecture(s) on Particle Physics
  Contents: Within 4 weeks students receive an overview/insight of the research carried out in our research group.

Topics: Analyses of data taken with the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC
especially: Higgs and Top physics, tau-final states and b-tagging

The exact schedule depends on the number of applicants appearing at the same time.
  Literature: will be handed out
  Comments: Early application is required
Contacts: E. von Törne, T. Lenz, M. Cristinziani, J. Kroseberg, N. Wermes
6823 Research Internship / Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe:
Analysis of proton-proton (ATLAS) collisions.
pr, all day, 3-4 weeks, preferably in the semester break,
Applications to brock@physik.uni-bonn.de, PI
  Instructor(s): I. Brock u.M.
  Prerequisites: Introductory particle physics course
  Contents: Introduction to the current research activities of the group (physics analysis with data from ATLAS (LHC) and
ZEUS (HERA)), introduction to data analysis techniques for particle reactions, opportunity for original
research on a topic of own choice, with concluding presentation to the group.
  Literature: Working materials will be provided.
  Comments: The course aims to give interested students the opportunity for practical experience in our research group
and to demonstrate the application of particle physics experimental techniques.

Depending on the students' preferences the course will be given in German or in English.
6826 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Neurophysik, Computational Physics, Zeitreihenanalyse
pr, ganztägig, ca. 4 Wochen, n. Vereinb., HISKP u. Klinik für Epileptologie
  Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz u.M.
  Prerequisites: basics of programming language (e.g. C, C++, Pascal, Python)
  Contents: This laboratory course provides insight into the current research activities of the Neurophysics group.

Introduction to time series analysis techniques for biomedical data, neuronal modelling, cellular neural networks. Opportunity for original research on a topic of own choice, with concluding presentation to the group.
  Literature: Working materials will be provided.
  Comments: Contact:

Prof. Dr. K. Lehnertz

email: klaus.lehnertz@ukb.uni-bonn.de
6833 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Aufbau und Test optischer und spektroskopischer Experimente, Erstellung von Simulationen / Laboratory in the Research Group: Setup and Testing of Optical and Spectroscopical Experiments, Simulation Programming (D/E)
pr, ganztägig, Dauer ca. 4-6 Wochen, n. Vereinb., IAP
  Instructor(s): D. Meschede u.M.
  Prerequisites: Two years of physics studies (undergraduate/ bachelor program)
  Contents: Practical training in the research group can have several aspects:

--- setting up a small experiment
--- testing and understanding the limits of experimental components
--- simulating experimental situations
--- professional documentation

The minimum duration is 30 days, or 6 weeks.
  Literature: will be individually handed out
  Comments: Projects are always available. See our website.
6838 Praktische Übungen zur Bildgebung und Bildverarbeitung in der Medizin
pr, Kliniken Venusberg
(Teilnahme am Seminar "Medizinische Physik" erforderlich)
  Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz, C. Berg, P. David, T. Stöcker, F. Träber, P. Trautner
  Contents: Vertiefung der Seminarthemen;
Praktische Beispiele der Bildgebung in der pränatalen Diagnostik, Radiologie und

Continuation of topics addressed in the seminar; examples of medical imaging in prenatal diagnosis, radiology, and neurosciences.
  Comments: Termine werden im Laufe des Semester bekannt gegeben.

Dates to be arranged during the semester.
astro821  Astrophysics of galaxies
Th 15:00-18, Raum 0.012, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): P. Kroupa
  Prerequisites: The following lectures ought to have been attended: Introduction to Astronomy I and II, Stars and Stellar Evolution, The Interstellar Medium
  Contents: The types of galaxies;

fundamentals of stellar dynamics (Jeans equations, relaxation time);

elliptical galaxies;

disk galaxies;

stellar populations in galaxies;

formation of galaxies;

dwarf galaxies (primordial dwarfs, tidal dwarfs, ultra-compact dwarfs);

dark matter and alternatives to Newtonian gravity.
  Literature: Galactic dynamics by J.Binney and S.Tremaine (1987, Princeton University Press);

Galactic Astronomy by J.Binney and M.Merrifield (1998, Princeton University Press);

Galaxies in the Universe by L.Sparke and J.Gallagher (2000, Cambridge University Press)
  Comments: This course is worth 6 credit points. To achieve these attendance of the lectures and of the tutorials is recommended, and the exam needs to be passed.
astro822 Physics of the interstellar medium
Mo 11:15-12:30, Tu 15-16:15, Raum 0.012, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): F. Bertoldi
  Prerequisites: Introductory astronomy
  Contents: Participants will acquire an understanding of the physics of the different phases and constituents of the
ISM. The importance for star formation and the effects on the structure and evolution of galaxies will be
discussed briefly, as well as observing techniques in various wavelength domains.
Contents: Constituents of the interstellar medium, physical processes, radiative transfer, recombination,
HI 21cm line, absorption lines, Stromgren spheres, HII regions, interstellar dust, molecular gas and
clouds, shocks, photodissociation regions, energy balance, the multi-phase ISM, gravitational stability and
star formation.
  Literature: B. Draine; The Physics of the Interstellar and Intergalactic Medium (Princeton Univ. Press 2010)
J. Lequeux; The Interstellar Medium (Springer 2005)
  Comments: The successful participation in the tutorials is requirement for the admission to the final exam.
Time of lectures may be shifted +-15 min depending on student time constraints.
Lectures begin Monday 11. April.
astro8402 X-ray astronomy
Fr 13-15, Raum 0.012, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): T. Reiprich
  Prerequisites: Introductory astronomy course.
  Contents: X-rays are emitted from regions where the Universe is hot and wild. The lecture will provide an overview of modern X-ray observations of all major X-ray sources. This includes, e.g., comets and planets in our solar system; Galactic systems like cool and hot stars, remnants of exploded stars, isolated white dwarfs and neutron stars, close binaries with neutron stars and black holes, hot interstellar medium, and the Galactic center region; extragalactic X-ray sources like spiral and elliptical galaxies, galaxy clusters, and active galactic nuclei, i.e., supermassive black holes lurking in the centers of galaxies. The X-ray emission and absorption processes as well as current and future space-based instruments used to carry out such observations will be described. In the accompanying lab sessions, the participants will learn how to download, reduce, and analyze professional X-ray data from a satellite observatory.
  Literature: A script of the lecture notes will be provided.
astro847 Optical Observations
Fr 11-13, Raum 0.012, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): H. Hildebrandt, T. Schrabback
  Prerequisites: Astronomy introduction classes
  Contents: Optical CCD and near infrared imaging, conducting and planning observing runs,
detectors, data reduction, catalogue handling, astrometry, coordinate systems,
photometry, spectroscopy, photometric redshifts, basic weak lensing data
analysis, current surveys, ground-based data versus Hubble Space Telescope
observations, how to write observing proposals.

Practical experience is gained by obtaining and analysing multi-filter CCD
imaging observations of galaxy clusters using the 50cm telescope on the AIfA
rooftop, as well as the analysis of professional data from the archive.
  Literature: Provided upon registration.
  Comments: The class has a strong focus on hands-on observations and data analysis. It
should be particularly useful for students who consider conducting a master's
thesis project which involves the analysis of optical imaging data from
professional telescopes (e.g. wide-field imaging data or Hubble Space Telescope
astro849 Multiwavelength observations of galaxy clusters
Mo 15.30-17, Raum 0.008, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): T. Reiprich, Y. Zhang
  Prerequisites: Introductory astronomy courses.
  Contents: Aims of the course:
To introduce the students into the largest clearly defined structures in the Universe, clusters of galaxies. In modern astronomy, it has been realized that a full understanding of objects cannot be achieved by looking at just one waveband. Different phenomena become apparent only in certain wavebands, e.g., the most massive visible component of galaxy clusters -- the intracluster gas -- cannot be detected with optical telescopes. Moreover, some phenomena, e.g., radio outbursts from supermassive black holes, influence others like the X-ray emission from the intracluster gas. In this course, the students will acquire a synoptic, multiwavelength view of galaxy groups and galaxy clusters.
Contents of the course:
The lecture covers galaxy cluster observations from all wavebands, radio through gamma-ray, and provides a comprehensive overview of the physical mechanisms at work. Specifically, the following topics will be covered: galaxies and their evolution, physics and chemistry of the hot intracluster gas, relativistic gas, active supermassive black holes, cluster weighing methods, Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect, gravitational lensing, radio halos and relics, tailed radio galaxies, and the most energetic events in the Universe since the big bang: cluster mergers.
  Literature: Lecture script and references therein.
astro851 Stellar and solar coronae
Th 13-15:15, Raum 0.01, MPIfR
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): M. Massi
  Contents: T Tauri (young stellar systems not yet in Main Sequence) and RS CVn systems (evolved stellar systems that already left the Main Sequence), although very diverse systems, have similar flare activities observed at radio and X-ray wavelengths.

The flares in both systems are several orders of magnitude stronger than those of the Sun. The origin of this activity, defined "coronal activity", depends on the convective zone, the rotation, the formation and dissipation of magnetic fields. In general terms: This is a mechanism of the same type as on the Sun, but enforced by the binary nature of these systems.

In these lectures we will explore a link between the amplification of initial magnetic fields by dynamo action in several rotating systems ( Sun, binary systems and accretion discs around black holes) and the release of magnetic energy into a corona where particles are accelerated.

Together with the basic theory there will be as well illustrated the latest progress in the research on stellar coronal emission derived from recent space missions and high-resolution radio observations.

Solar Cycle: Observations
Solar Cycle: Theory
Flare theory
The standard model of the solar flares
Physical Processes
Stellar Coronae
  Literature: The Solar Corona by Golub and Pasachoff. Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  Comments: http://www3.mpifr-bonn.mpg.de/staff/mmassi/#coronae1
astro8504  Lecture on Advanced Topics in Modern Astrophysics: The physics of compact objects
Th 9-11, Raum 0.008, AIfA
Exercises: 1 hr. by appointment
  Instructor(s): T. Tauris
  Prerequisites: BSc in Physics
  Contents: A general introduction to the basic, fascinating physics of compact objects (neutron stars, white dwarfs and black holes) and their binary interactions. We introduce the theory of degenerate Fermi gases and apply it to simple equations of state for white dwarfs and neutron stars. We investigate the structure, cooling and evolution of white dwarfs and neutron stars and compare with observational properties. We analyse the formation, evolution and detection of X-ray binaries, including the dynamical effects of asymmetric supernovae. In particular, we discuss the formation of millisecond radio pulsars and also the recent discoveries associated with the extremely magnetic neutron stars called magnetars. Finally, we learn about the nature and the detection of gravitational waves which will soon open a new window to the Universe.
  Literature: Key background book: Shapiro & Teukolsky (1983) "Black Holes, White Dwarfs and Neutron Stars" (Wiley), supplemented with recent review papers and the latest observational results. See the lecture homepage for more details.
  Comments: Please see:
6953  Seminar on stellar systems: star clusters and dwarf galaxies
Tu 16:15-17:45, Raum 3.010, AIfA
  Instructor(s): P. Kroupa, J. Pflamm-Altenburg
  Prerequisites: Vordiplom or Bachelor in physics;
The lecture "Stars and Stellar Evolution" (astro811);
The lecture "Astrophysics of Galaxies" (astro821)
  Contents: The newest literature (e.g. papers from the electronic pre-print server) relevant to research on stars, stellar populations, galaxies and dynamics;
current and preliminary research results by group members and guests on the above topics.
  Literature: Latest astro-ph pre-prints, or recently published research papers.
  Comments: This course is worth 4 credit points. The corresponding certificate ("Schein") is awarded if the student (a) attends the seminar and (b) holds a presentation. The certificate can be picked up either from P.Kroupa or in the office of the secretary on the third floor (AIfA) at the end of the semester.

The students will be introduced to the newest state of knowledge in the field of stellar astrophysics, star clusters, galaxies and dynamics. They will familiarise themselves with open questions and acquire knowledge on the newest methods in research.