.pdf-Version des Kommentierten Vorlesungsverzeichnisses

Kommentiertes Vorlesungsverzeichnis Wintersemester 2011/2012

Logo der Fachgruppe Physik-Astronomie der Universität Bonn


physics606  Advanced Quantum Theory
Mo 12-14, Th 12, HS I, PI
  Instructor(s): H.-W. Hammer
  Prerequisites: Theoretical courses at the Bachelor degree level: classical mechanics and electrodynamics, quantum mechanics
  Contents:

  • Symmetries: symmetries in quantum mechanics: translations, rotations of vectors and spinors, discrete symmetries

  • Time-dependent perturbation theory: interaction picture, Dyson equation, Fermis golden rule, absorption and emission of radiation

  • Scattering theory: Lippmann-Schwinger equation, Born approximation, optical theorem, method of partial waves, scattering phase shifts, S-matrix, resonances, scattering of identical particles

  • Path integrals: motivation, expression for transition amplitude, applications: harmonic oscillator, Aharonov-Bohm effect

  • Relativistic quantum mechanics: relativistic wave equations: Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations, free solutions, antiparticles, Coulomb problem, non-relativistic limit, Lorentz transformations, bilinear covariants

  • Second quantisation: identical particles and many-particle states: bosons and fermions, Fock space, field operators, application: electron gas

  Literature:

  1. J.J. Sakurai, Modern Quantum Mechanics, Addison Wesley

  2. J.D. Bjorken, S.D. Drell, Relativistic Quantum Mechanics, McGraw-Hill

  3. F. Schwabl, Quantum Mechanics, Springer

  4. F. Schwabl, Advanced Quantum Mechanics, Springer

  5. A. Messiah, Quantum Mechanics, Dover

  Comments: The lecture and exercises will be held in English. More information and additional literature is given on the lecture web page.
physics612 Accelerator Physics
We 10-12, HS, IAP, Th 10-12, SR I, HISKP
Diplom: WPVANG, VANG
  Instructor(s): W. Hillert, A. Lehrach, R. Maier
  Prerequisites: Mechanics, Electrodynamics
  Contents: Die neuere experimentelle Physik basiert zum Teil auf dem Einsatz von Teilchenbeschleunigern, insbesondere im Bereich der Hochenergiephysik, der Materialforschung und der Erforschung der Substruktur der Atomkerne und der Hadronen. Durch die aktuellen wissenschaftlichen Fragestellungen wurden und werden auch weiterhin ständig gesteigerte Herausforderungen an den Betrieb und die Entwicklung von Teilchenbeschleunigern gestellt, was zum Einsatz modernster Technologien aus einer Vielzahl von physikalischen Bereichen führte (als Beispiele mögen hier der Aufbau einer ca. 27 km langen, fast vollständig supraleitenden Anlage am CERN / Genf oder die Planung eines 1 Angström Röntgenlasers am DESY / Hamburg dienen). Im Zuge dieser Entwicklungen und systematischen Untersuchungen der physikalischen Vorgänge in Beschleunigern entstand die Beschleunigerphysik als eigenständiger Fachbereich der angewandten Physik.

Die vorliegende Vorlesung ist eine Einführung in die Beschleunigerphysik. Sie gibt einen Überblick über die verschiedenen Funktionsweisen unterschiedlicher Beschleunigertypen und führt, neben einer physikalischen Behandlung der wichtigsten Subsysteme (Teilchenquellen, Magnete, Hochfrequenzresonatoren), in die transversale und longitudinale Strahldynamik ein.


More recent experimental physics is partly based on the use of particle accelerators, especially in high energy physics, materials research and exploration of the substructure of atomic nuclei and hadrons. Due to the current scientific questions, more and more demanding challenges have been and still are posed to the
operation and development of particle accelerators, thus leading to the use of state-of-the-art high technology taken from a multitude of fields in physics (as examples may be cited the construction of a 27 km, almost entirely superconducting facility at CERN / Geneva or the planning of a 1 Angström X-ray laser at DESY / Hamburg). In the course of these developments and systematic investigation of the physical processes in particle accelerators, particle accelerator physics emerged as a stand-alone field of applied physics.

The present lecture is meant as an introduction into particle accelerator physics. It provides an overview of the various functional principles of different accelerator types and provides, alongside a physical treatment of the most important subsystems (particle sources, magnets, resonant cavities), an introduction into transversal and longitudinal orbit dynamics.


Inhaltsverzeichnis / Table of Contents:

  • Einführung / Introduction

  • Überblick über Beschleunigertypen / Elementary Overview

  • Bauelemente von Teilchenbeschleunigern / Subsystems of Particle Accelerators

  • Lineare Strahloptik / Linear Beam Optics

  • Kreisbeschleuniger / Circular Accelerators

  Literature: H. Wiedemann, Particle Accelerator Physics, Springer 1993, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-56550-7

D.A. Edwards, M.J. Syphers, An Introduction to the Physics of High Energy Accelerators, Wiley & Sons 1993, New York, ISBN O-471-55163-5

F. Hinterberger, Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Ionenoptik, Springer 1996, Berlin, ISBN 3-540-61238-6

K. Wille, Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Synchrotronstrahlungsquellen, 2. überarb. und erw. Aufl., Teubner 1996, Stuttgart, ISBN 3-519-13087-4

S. Y. Lee, Accelerator Physics (Second Edition), World Scientific, Singapore 2004, ISBN 981-256-200-1 (pbk)

...
  Comments: Es besteht die Möglichkeit, den Lernstoff durch detaillierte Besichtigungen und praktische Studien an der Beschleunigeranlage ELSA des Physikalischen Instituts zu veranschaulichen und zu vertiefen.

Zu dieser Vorlesung wird ein Script im Internet (pdf-Format, Englisch) zur Verfügung gestellt. (http://www-elsa.physik.uni-bonn.de/~hillert/Beschleunigerphysik/)


The opportunity will be offered to exemplify and deepen the subject matter by detailed visits and practical studies at the institute of physics’ accelerator facility ELSA.

Accompanying the lecture, a script (pdf-format, english) will be provided on the internet. (http://www-elsa.physik.uni-bonn.de/~hillert/Beschleunigerphysik/)
physics618  Physics of Particle Detectors
Tu, Th 14-16, HS, IAP
Diplom: WPVEXP, VEXP
  Instructor(s): E. von Törne
  Prerequisites: - basic knowledge of electronics (electromagnetics and circuitry) helpful
- elementary knowledge of particle and nuclear physics useful
  Contents: 1. Introduction
Detection of charged and neutral radiation with optimum resolution
Measurement of particle properties
Applications in medicine and biology
Examples of specific detector types

2. Interaction of Radiation with Matter
Fundamentals: Cross Section, Absorption
Interaction of charged particles with matter
Interaction of photons with matter

3. Gaseous Detectors for ionizing particles (ionization detectors)
3.1. Principles of ionisation detectors
3.2. Gas-filled Ionisation Detectors

4. Semiconductor Detectors

5. Transition Radiation Detectors

6. Scintillation Detectors

7. Cherenkov Detectors

8. Calorimeters
8.1 Electromagnetic Calorimeters
8.2 Hadron Calorimeters

9. Detector systems
9.1 ATLAS
9.2 ILC detector concept
  Literature: K. Kleinknecht; Detectors for Particle Radiation (Cambridge University Press 2nd edition 1998)

W.R. Leo; Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Detection (Springer, Heidelberg 2nd ed. 1994)

H. Spieler, Semiconductor detector systems (Oxford University Press 2005)

L. Rossi, P. Fischer, T. Rohe, N. Wermes, Pixel Detectors: From Fundamentals to Applications.

C. Grupen Teilchendetektoren
BI Wissenschaftsverlag, 1993, or English translation (Oxford Monographies)
  Comments: In depth study of the physics processes relevant for modern particle detectors, the general concepts of different detector types, such as trackers, calorimeters or devices used for particle identification. Basics of detector readout techniques. This course is relevant for students who whish to major in experimental high energy physics, hadron physics or astro particle physics. It is also useful for students interested in medical imaging detectors.
physics619  Applied Photonics
Tu 12-14, Th 8-10, HS, IAP
Diplom: WPVANG, VANG
  Dozent(en): E. Soergel
  Erforderliche Vorkenntnisse: Physik IV
  Inhalt: "The science of photonics includes the generation, emission, transmission, modulation, signal processing, switching, amplification, detection and sensing of light. The term photonics thereby emphasizes that photons are neither particles nor waves — they are different in that they have both particle and wave nature. It covers all technical applications of light over the whole spectrum from ultraviolet over the visible to the near-, mid- and far-infrared. Most applications, however, are in the range of the visible and near infrared light."
WIKIPEDIA

Contents of the course:
Light & light sources
Optical components: mirror, filter, wave plate, polarizer, modulator, fiber
Detectors: quantum based, thermic based
Metrology: angles, distance, shape, velocity, concentration, temperature
Microscopy: different types of light microscopy, STEED, SNOM
Optical data storage
Telecommunication
Light-matter interaction
Material processing
Laser in medical applications
New materials: photonic crystals and metamaterials
Fourier optics
Atmospheric optics
  Literatur: D. Meschede; Optik, Licht und Laser
Eichler & Eichler; Laser
Yariv; Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications
Saleh, M. Teich; Fundamentals of Photonics
Yeh; Applied Photonics
R. Menzel; Photonics
D. Lynch; Color and light in nature
  Bemerkungen: Language will be English or German at the discretion of the audience.
A script will be provided during the lecture.
physics615 Theoretical Particle Physics
Mo 10-12, Th 13, HS I, PI
Diplom: WPVTHE, VTHE
  Instructor(s): H. Dreiner
  Prerequisites: Quantum mechanics,
basics of particle physics phenomena
for those doing the excercises, Quantum Field Theory I would be helpful
  Contents: Classical field theory,
gauge theories ,
Higgs mechanism,
Standard model of strong and electroweak interactions,
basic Feynman graph calculations
Neutrino physics
  Literature: Halzen and Martin: Quarks and Leptons
Okun: leptons and Quarks
T.P. Cheng and L.F. Li, Gauge theories of elementary particle physics,
Clarendon Press, 1984
  Comments: Language will be English or German at the discretion of the audience.
physics616  Theoretical Hadron Physics
Tu 10-12, Th 9, SR II, HISKP
Diplom: WPVTHE, VTHE
  Instructor(s): B. Kubis, U. Meißner, A. Rusetsky
  Prerequisites: Quantum Mechanics, Advanced Quantum Theory
  Contents:

  1. Introduction: brief overview of particle physics

  2. Symmetries and Quarks: hadron spectra and interactions, hadron masses, light and heavy quarks, simple quark model,...

  3. Hadron Structure: form factors and structure functions, unitarity and analyticity, vector meson dominance, dispersion relations,...

  4. Introduction to QCD: QCD Lagrangian, asymptotic freedom,...

  5. Chiral symmetry: spontaneous symmetry breaking, Goldstone theorem, hadron interactions at low energies,...

  Literature:

  • F. Halzen, A.D. Martin; Quarks and Leptons (Wiley 1984)

  • D.H. Perkins; Introduction to High Energy Physics (Addison-Wesley 1987)

  • A.W. Thomas, W. Weise; The Structure of the Nucleon (Wiley-VCH 2001)

  • F.E. Close; An Introduction to Quarks and Partons (Academic Press 1980)

  • J.F. Donoghue et al.; Dynamics of the Standard Model (Cambridge University Press 1995)

  • M.E. Peskin, D.V. Schroeder; An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory (Westview Press 1995)

  Comments: A basic knowledge of Quantum Field Theory is useful.
physics711 Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology
Mo 15, HS I, PI, Fr 8-10, HS, IAP
Lecture on Mo, 10.10.11 takes place in SR I, PI
  Instructor(s): S. Böser, J. Dingfelder
  Prerequisites: Standard Model of Particle Physics (Nuclear and Particle Physics course lecture)
  Contents: Cosmology
- Introduction
- Time development and age of the universe
- Cosmological parameters
- Dark Energy
- Supernovae
Thermal evolution of the universe
- Thermodynamics of the universe
- Nucleosynthesis
- Baryogenesis
- Recombination
Cosmic Microwave Background
Inflation
Dark Matter
Cosmic Rays
- Particles from the sun, stellar physics
- Neutrinos (masses, oscillations)
- Charged-particle cosmic rays & acceleration processes
- Gamma rays
- High energy neutrinos
  Literature: D. Perkins: Particle Astrophysics, Oxford Universty Press, 2003
E. Kolb, M.S. Turner: The Early Universe, Westview Press, 1994
T. Stanev: High Energy Cosmic rays, Springer, 2009
C. Grupen: Astroparticle Physics, Springer 2005
  Comments:  
physics717  High Energy Physics Lab
4 to 6 weeks on agreement
  Instructor(s): E. von Törne
  Prerequisites:  
  Contents: This course offers students in their first year of their Master studies the opportunity to participate in research activities.
  Literature:  
  Comments: The students join one of the high energy physics groups groups and conduct their own small research project for typically 4 weeks. We recommend to participate in a project during term break (either in spring or summer/ early fall) but projects during the semester are also possible. More information here: http://heplab.physik.uni-bonn.de/
physics719  BCGS intensive week (Advanced Topics in Experimental High Energy Physics)
From Chips to Higgs: LHC Detectors and Physics in one week
26.09.2011-30.09.2011
  Instructor(s): N. Wermes u.M.
  Prerequisites: not mandatory but useful and recommended
lecture on particle physics
lecture on detectors
lab course electronics or lecture electronics
  Contents: This BCGS intensive week aims at providing a detailed insight of an LHC detector and the experiments that are done with them to address important questions of fundamental physics today. What does one need to know to built such detectors and to analyse LHC data? While following these lines, particular emphasis is given to
- the scientific and technical requirements of LHC detectors
- the necessity of and a sniff into the "how-to" of designing integrated circuits (chips)
- the physics of tracking and energy detectors
- the theoretical background of LHC physics (Standard Model, Higgs, SUSY, Extra Dimensions)
- the experimental methods to address these physics questions

Of course, not all topics can be addressed to depth within one week. Thus an effort is made that students will receive an overview and understand the most important mechanisms.
The style will be >50% lecture style plus some hands-on experience (eg IC design - Schnupperkurs, Lab Visits, discussions over coffee, dedicated guest talks like the "Use of Multivariate Analysis techniques".)
  Literature:  
  Comments: see web pape
physics721 BCGS Intensive Week (Advanced Topics in Hadron Physics)
Experiments on Atomic Nuclei at their Extremes
06.02.2012 - 10.02.2012
  Instructor(s): W. Korten
  Prerequisites: Introductory courses to nuclear physics and instrumentation for nuclear and particle physics experiments
  Contents: Morning lectures will be devoted to different topics in contemporary nuclear structure physics, related in
particular to experimental studies using radioactive ion beams. Afternoon lectures will be devoted to more
technical aspects, such as different types of instrumentation, electronics etc.
  Literature: to de defined
  Comments:  
physics732  Optics Lab
4 to 6 weeks on agreement
  Instructor(s): M. Fiebig, D. Meschede, F. Vewinger, M. Weitz
  Prerequisites: BSc
  Contents: The Optics Lab is a 4-6 week long practical training/internship in one of the research groups in Photonics and Quantum Optics, which can have several aspects:
- setting up a small experiment
- testing and understanding the limits of experimental components
- simulating experimental situations

Credit points can be obtained after completion of a written report.

  Literature: Will be given by the supervisor
  Comments:  
physics739  Lecture on Advanced Topics in Photonics: Ultrashort Laser Pulses
We 14-16, HS, IAP
  Instructor(s): F. Vewinger
  Prerequisites: Basic knowledge in optics, atomic physics and laser physics
  Contents: The lecture gives an overview on different techniques for the generation, amplification and the characterization of ultrashort pulses, i.e. optical pulses with a pulse length below 10 picoseconds. These pulses have gained much interest in recent years, as they allow the time-resolved observation of many different processes, e.g. the vibration of molecules, the dynamics within solids, the breaking and formation of chemical bonds, and very recently, the release of a single electron from an atom. Some of these applications will be discussed in the lecture.
Another interesting feature of short pulses that will be discussed in the lecture is their enormous bandwidth, which e.g. for an visible pulse of a few femtoseconds length spans a few ten nanometers. This lead to the development of optical frequency combs, which allows the precise measurement of (absolute) frequencies by bridging the gap from the cesium clock transition to the visible/UV regime. The broad bandwidth also allows for the shaping of the pulses, which has become a widely used tool in physical chemistry.
  Literature: Claude Rulliere, Femtosecond laser pulses: Principles and experiments; Springer Berlin 1998;
P. Hannaford, Femtosecond laser spectroscopy; Springer New York 2005
Jean-Claude Diels and Wolfgang Rudolph; Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena: fundamentals, techniques, and applications on a femtosecond time scale; Academic Press, San Diego 1996
  Comments:  
physics740  Hands-on Seminar: Experimental Optics and Atomic Physics
Mo 9-11 or Mo 11-13, laboratories of the research group, IAP
kick-off meeting: Monday, October 10th, 9 c.t., Konferenzraum, IAP
  Dozent(en): M. Weitz u.M.
  Erforderliche Vorkenntnisse: Optik- und Atomphysik Grundvorlesungen, Quantenmechanik
  Inhalt: Diodenlaser
Optische Resonatoren
Akustooptische Modulatoren
Spektroskopie
Radiofrequenztechnik
Spannungsdoppelbrechung
und vieles mehr
  Literatur: wird gestellt
  Bemerkungen: Vorbesprechung am Montag, den 10.10.11, 9 c.t.,
Konferenzraum IAP, 3. Stock Wegelerstr. 8

Seminartermin nach Vereinbarung ab 17.10.11
physics752  Superstring Theory
Mo 9, SR I, HISKP, Tu 16-18, HS I, PI
  Instructor(s): S. Förste, H.-P. Nilles
  Prerequisites: Quantum Field Theory, General Relativity
  Contents: Conformal Field Theory, Bosonic String Theory, Compactification of Extra Dimensions, Superstring Theory, Heterotic Strings, Dualities, D-Branes, M-Theory
  Literature: D. Lust, S. Theisen, Lectures on String Theory (Springer, New York 1989)
M. Green, J. Schwarz, E. Witten, Superstring Theory 1+2 (Cambridge Univiversity Press 2003)
J. Polchinski, String Theory 1+2 (Cambridge University Press, 2005)
  Comments: The first lecture will take place on Tuesday, 11 October 2011.
physics757 Effective Field Theories for Nuclear and Particle Physics
Fr 10-13, SR II, HISKP
  Instructor(s): C. Hanhart, S. Krewald
  Prerequisites: Quantum Mechanics
  Contents: Scales in physical systems
Concept of Effective Field Theory(EFT)
The construction of an EFT
Heavy quark EFT
Pion-nucleon reactions
meson-meson systems
Application to nuclei
  Literature: S.Scherer, M. R. Schindler: arXiv:hep-ph/0505265 and
Introduction to Chiral Perturbation Theory, Adv. Nucl.Phys.27(2003)277

J. F. Donoghue et al., Dynamics of the Standard Model(Cambridge University Press 1994)

D.B. Kaplan, Effective Field Theories, arXiv:nucl-th/9506035

M.E. Peskin and D.V.Schroeder, An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory,
Addison Wesley, Reading, Mass. 1995



  Comments:  
physics758  Quantum Chromodynamics
We 14-17, SR II, HISKP
  Instructor(s): A. Nogga, A. Wirzba
  Prerequisites: Advanced quantum theory or comparable
  Contents: The Standard Model and the physics of strong interactions
Introduction to Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD)
Path integrals
Lattice quantization for scalar fields
Lattice quantization for gauge fields
Lattice quantization for fermions
Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics
  Literature: Jan Smit, Introduction to Quantum Fields on a Lattice,
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2002

M.E. Peskin and D.V.Schroeder, An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory,
Addison Wesley, Reading, Mass. 1995

J.F. Donoghue, E. Golowich, B.R. Holstein, Dynamics of the Standard Model, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1992
  Comments: The first lecture will take place on Wednesday, October 12, 2011.
physics771 Energy Physics
Th 13:30-15, HS 118, AVZ I
  Instructor(s): B. Diekmann, T. Reichelt
  Prerequisites: Vordiplom bzw. Bachelorabschluß, Vorkenntnisse in Thermodynamik wünschenswert
prediploma or corresp. state of knowledge in BsC study, basics in thermodynamics would be helpful
  Contents: no precise time schedule yet (wait til mid august)
Lecture will be given in cooperation with Prof Reichelt
Special empgasis will be given to renewable sources: basic physic's mechanism's, efficiencies, gain factors, environmental ( and other) constraints.
Future of nuclear energy after Fukushima is discussed (a) worlldwide and (b)
in germany after 'switch off' decision
  Literature: Diekmann,B., Heinloth,K.: Physikalische Grundlagen der Energieerzeugung, Teubner 1997,
Diekmann,Lodomez, Rosenthal, Energie, in Vorbereitung
(from author, on availability)

Mc Kay, Sustainable Energy without hot Air
more from www.http://withouthotair.com/
Schiffer Energiemarkt Deutschland TÜV Verlag, 2011
Heinloth, K., Die Energiefrage, Vieweg 1999
Have a look into previous courses via 'ecampus' with an acces given
by Bernd Diekmann on authorized request
Recent publication on nuclear energy focusing on 'fukushima' will be given
in first lecture or from diekmann@physik.uni-bonn.de
  Comments: On students demand the lecture will be given in english or german.
It counts 3 CP's for master students after final examination

For Diploma students, the lecture is not foreseen as VANG lecture.
If necessary it could be changed to a VANG lecture with an additional execercise lecture immediately after the main lecture and an final examination.
physics771 Energy and the Environment
Tu 12-14, SR I, HISKP
  Instructor(s): H. Dreiner
  Prerequisites: Physics I-III
  Contents: We wish to discuss the various aspects of energy and society and the environment.
After going through the basics, topics can be suggested by the students.
* nuclear power, * solar power (thermal, solar focus and pv), * wind power,
* peak oil, etc
  Literature: Energy and the Environment von Robert A. Ristinen und Jack J. Kraushaar

Energie/ Energie und Umwelt; K. Heinloth
  Comments: The lecture time can also be shifted if requested and if we get another room.
physics772  Physics in Medicine I: Fundamentals of Analyzing Biomedical Signals
Mo 10-12, We 12, SR I, HISKP
first lecture will be held on October, 12th
  Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz
  Prerequisites: Vordiplom, Bachelor
  Contents: Introduction to the theory of nonlinear dynamical systems
- regularity, stochasticity, deterministic chaos, nonlinearity, complexity, causality, (non-)stationarity, fractals
- selected examples of nonlinear dynamical systems and their characteristics (model and real world systems)
- selected phenomena (e.g. noise-induced transition, stochastic resonance, self-organized criticality)
Time series analysis
- linear methods: statistical moments, power spectral estimates, auto- and cross-correlation function,
autoregressive modeling
- univariate and bivariate nonlinear methods: state-space reconstruction, dimensions, Lyapunov exponents,
entropies, determinism, synchronization, interdependencies, surrogate concepts, measuring non-stationarity
Applications
- nonlinear analysis of biomedical time series (EEG, MEG, EKG)
  Literature: M. Priestley: Nonlinear and nonstationary time series analysis, London, Academic Press, 1988.

H.G. Schuster: Deterministic chaos: an introduction. VCH Verlag Weinheim; Basel; Cambridge, New York, 1989

E. Ott: Chaos in dynamical systems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 1993

H. Kantz, T. Schreiber T: Nonlinear time series analysis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2nd ed., 2003

A. Pikovsky, M. Rosenblum, J. Kurths: Synchronization: a universal concept in nonlinear sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2001
  Comments: Beginning: We, Oct 12, 10:00 ct
physics651  Seminar on Current Topics in Experimental Particle Physics
Mo 11-13, Zi. 300, PI
Diplom: SEXP, WPSEXP
  Instructor(s): I. Brock, K. Desch, J. Dingfelder, E. von Törne, N. Wermes u.M.
  Prerequisites: Introductory particle physics course.
Physics611 (Particle Physics) can be heard in parallel.
  Contents: Topics for seminars:

Physics and detectors at hadron colliders
Detection techniques and detectors
Production of W and Z bosons at LHC
Higgs physics
Physics of the top quark
Supersymmetry searches
Extra Dimension Phenomena
  Literature: Will be distributed.
  Comments: Seminar will be in English or German depending on attendance.
physics652  Seminar on Key Experiments in Modern Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Mo 14-16, HS, IAP
Diplom: SEXP, WPSEXP
  Instructor(s): D. Meschede, F. Vewinger
  Prerequisites: BSc in physics
  Contents: Modern physics builds on a few key experiments which started a new field or settled a long standing debate. Especially the "newer" experiments are not covered in the Bachelor studies, as they require a broad theoretical background.
The seminar has two goals: To provide in-depth knowledge about selected key experiments in the field of atomic, molecular and optical physics, and to provide practical training in preparing and presenting excellent talks. During the first meeting the organizers will present a list of topics from which each active participant of the seminar can select one. A preliminary list of topics can be found at http://www.vewinger.iap.uni-bonn.de/index.php?id=152 .

For each topic literature will be provided. Starting with this material the active participants of the seminar will familiarize themselves with the content. This will be done by discussions as well as by further literature search. Based on the accumulated knowledge an outline for each talk will be made and finally the viewgraphs will be prepared. Then the talk will be presented in the seminar. Typical duration of the talk is 45-60 minutes. After the talk there will be a discussion about the content. And, as a second part of the discussion, technical issues of the talk will be analyzed. Finally, a short written summary of the talk will be prepared and posted in the internet.

Preparation of the talk is a serious amount of work. It is highly recommended to start already at the beginning of the lecture time to familiarize yourself with the content.

  Literature: Will be given by the supervisor
  Comments: A first meeting will take place Monday, October 10th, in the IAP lecture hall at 2:15 pm, where the available topics will be detailed. However, interested students can contact the organizers also in advance to get already a topic for an own talk.
physics653  Seminar on Theoretical Hadron Physics
Tu 14-16, SR II, HISKP
Diplom: STHE, WPSTHE
  Instructor(s): B. Kubis, U. Meißner, A. Rusetsky
  Prerequisites: Quantum Mechanics, Advanced Quantum Theory
  Contents: Potential seminar topics include:

  1. Tetraquarks, pentaquarks in the quark model

  2. Glueballs

  3. Physics in the limit of a large number of colours

  4. Electromagnetic form factors

  5. The radius of the proton

  6. Hadronic atoms

  7. eta --> 3pi decays

  8. Charmonium spectrum and decays

  9. Hadronic molecules

  Literature: Topic-specific literature will be handed out after the first meeting on Oct. 11, 2011.
  Comments: A basic knowledge of Quantum Field Theory is useful. The seminar will be organised in coordination with the lecture on Theoretical Hadron Physics (physics 616).
physics656 Computer-Theoretikum und -Seminar über Analyse biomedizinischer Signale / Computational Physics Seminar on Analyzing Biomedical Signals (D/E)
Mo 14-16, SR II, HISKP
preparatory meeting: October, 17th
Diplom: SANG, WPSEXP
  Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz, B. Metsch
  Prerequisites: Vordiplom, B.Sc., basics of programming language (e.g., Fortran, C, C++, Pascal)
  Contents: Contents:
- time series: chaotic model systems, noise, autoregressive processes, real world data
- generating time series: recursive methods, integration of ODEs
- statistical properties of time series: higher order moments, autocorrelation function, power spectra,
corsscorrelation function
- state-space reconstruction (Takens theorem)
- characterizing measures: dimensions, Lyapunov-exponents, entropies, testing determinism (basic
algorithms, influencing factors, correction schemes)
- testing nonlinearity: making surrogates, null hypothesis tests, Monte-Carlo simulation
- nonlinear noise reduction
- measuring synchronisation and interdependencies
  Literature: - H. Kantz, T. Schreiber T: Nonlinear time series analysis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2nd
ed., 2003
- A. Pikovsky, M. Rosenblum, J. Kurths: Synchronization: a universal concept in nonlinear sciences.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 2001
- WH. Press, BP. Flannery, SA. Teukolsky, WT. Vetterling: Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific
Computing. Cambridge University Press
- see also: http://www.mpipks-dresden.mpg.de/~tisean/ and http://www.nr.com/
  Comments: Location: Seminarraum II, HISKP
Time: Mo 14 - 16 and one lecture to be arranged
Beginning: Mo October 17
6821  Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe (SiLab): Halbleiterdetektoren und ASIC Chips für Experimente der Teilchenphysik und biomedizinische Anwendungen / Research Internship: Semiconductor Detectors and ASIC Chips for Particle Physics and Biomedical Applications (D/E)
(http://hep1.physik.uni-bonn.de)
pr, ganztägig, ca. 4 Wochen, vorzugsweise in den Semesterferien, n. Vereinb., PI
  Instructor(s): M. Barbero, F. Hügging, H. Krüger, E. von Törne, N. Wermes u.M.
  Prerequisites: Lectures on detectors and electronics lab course
  Contents: Research Internship:

Students shall receive an overview into the activities of a research group:

here: Development of Semiconductor Pixel Detectors and Micro-Electronics
  Literature: will be handed out
  Comments: early aplication necessary

6822  Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Proton-Proton-Kollisionen am LHC / Research Internship: Proton-Proton-Collisions at LHC (D/E)
(http://hep1.physik.uni-bonn.de)
pr, ganztägig, ca. 4 Wochen, vorzugsweise in den Semesterferien, n. Vereinb., PI
  Instructor(s): M. Cristinziani, S. Hillert, J. Kroseberg, E. von Törne, N. Wermes u.M.
  Prerequisites: Lectures on Particle Physics
  Contents: Within 4 weeks students receive an overview/insight of the research carried out in our research group.

Topics: Analyses of data taken with the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC
especially: Higgs and Top physics, tau-final states and b-tagging


The exact schedule depends on the number of applicants appearing at the same time.
  Literature: wird gestellt
  Comments: Early application is required
Contacts: E. von Törne, M. Cristinziani, S. Hillert, J. Kroseberg, N. Wermes
6823 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Analyse von Elektron-Proton (ZEUS) bzw. Proton-Proton (ATLAS) Streuereignissen / Laboratory in the Research Group:
Analysis of Electron-Proton (ZEUS) or Proton-Proton (ATLAS) Scattering Events (D/E)
pr, ganztägig, 3-4 Wochen, vorzugsweise in den Semesterferien, n. Vereinb., Applications to brock@physik.uni-bonn.de, PI
  Instructor(s): I. Brock u.M.
  Prerequisites: Introductory particle physics course
  Contents: Introduction to the current research activities of the group (physics analysis with data from ATLAS (LHC) and ZEUS (HERA)), introduction to data analysis techniques for particle reactions, opportunity for original research on a topic of own choice, with concluding presentation to the group.
  Literature: Working materials will be provided.
  Comments: The course aims to give interested students the opportunity for practical experience in our research group and to demonstrate the application of particle physics experimental techniques.

Depending on the students' preferences the course will be given in German or in English.
6824 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Detektorentwicklung und Teilchenphysik an einem Elektron-Positron-Linearcollider / Laboratory in the Research Group: Detector Development and Particle Physics at an Electron-Positron Linear Collider (D/E)
pr, ganztägig, ca. 4 Wochen n. Vereinb., vorzugsweise in den Semesterferien, PI
  Instructor(s): K. Desch, P. Bechtle
  Prerequisites: Vorlesungen über Teilchenphysik
  Contents: In einem 4 wöchigen Praktikum wird den Studierenden die Möglichkeit gegeben

anhand eines eigenen kleinen Projektes einen Einblick in die Arbeitsweise

der experimentellen Hochenergiephysik zu bekommen.



Themen werden bei der Vorbesprechung vereinbart.

Möglichkeiten (Beispiele):

- Simluation von Prozessen am International Linear Collider

- Messungen an einer Zeitprojektionskammer
  Literature: wird ausgegeben
  Comments: Eine frühe Anmeldung ist erwünscht bei Prof. Desch, Dr. P. Bechtle oder Dr.
J. Kaminski
6825 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Umweltphysik und Emissionsprognostik in Zusammenarbeit mit Institut für Landtechnik, Universität Bonn
http://pi.physik.uni-bonn.de/~diekmann/Forschung/index_Forschung.htm
pr, ganztägig, Dauer nach Vereinbarung, Institut für Landtechnik
  Instructor(s): B. Diekmann, W. Buescher, P. Boeker
  Prerequisites: Diploma or master examination in physics
( please contact B.Diekmann in case of bachelor examination)
  Contents: general field is environmental physics in cooperation with institute for
agricultural technology, bonn university.
1 focus concerns properties of dust ( and odour) propagation from physics
point of view,
i.e. adhesion, sedimentation, agglomeration, resuspension effects
2 focus: electronic detection of odours via 'electronical noses' and
prerequisites for the gas system scheduled for this operation
  Literature: handed on demand
  Comments: labs & offices in institute for
agricultural technology, bonn university.
6826 Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Neurophysik, Computational Physics, Zeitreihenanalyse
pr, ganztägig, ca. 4 Wochen, n. Vereinb., HISKP u. Klinik für Epileptologie
  Instructor(s): K. Lehnertz u.M.
  Prerequisites: basics of programming language (e.g. C, C++, Pascal)
  Contents: This laboratory course provides insight into the current research activities of the Neurophysics group.

Introduction to time series analysis techniques for biomedical data, neuronal modelling, cellular neural networks. Opportunity for original research on a topic of own choice, with concluding presentation to the group.
  Literature: Working materials will be provided.
  Comments: Contact:

Prof. Dr. K. Lehnertz

email: klaus.lehnertz@ukb.uni-bonn.de
6832  Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Struktur der Atomkerne - Analysemethoden für Kernspektroskopische Untersuchungen, Monte-Carlo Simulationen, Aufbau und Test von Detektorkomponenten, Signalverarbeitung / Laboratory in the Research Group: Structure of atomic nuclei - Analysis methods for nuclear spectroscopy experiments, Monte-Carlo simulation, setup and test of detector components, signal processing (D/E)
pr, ganztägig, vorzugsweise in den Semesterferien, Dauer ca. 4-6 Wochen, n. Vereinb., CEA Saclay, France
  Instructor(s): W. Korten
  Prerequisites: Interest in experimental nuclear physics, basic knowledge on instrumentation and electronics
  Contents: The nuclear physics division of the French Commission for Atomic Energy and ALternative energies (CEA)
in Saclay offers 1-4 months internships in the the working group on experimental nuclear structure
physics. The work is related both to nuclear physics experiments at international facilities and technical
projects on detectors, electronics, signal processing, etc.
  Literature:  
  Comments: The detailed workplan will be defined directly with the candidate in relation to the duration of the stage. It
can be part of a master thesis work eventually followed by a PhD thesis under co-supervision.
Possibility for financing through CEA Saclay (contact w.korten-at-cea.fr)
6834  Praktikum in der Arbeitsgruppe: Vorbereitung und Durchführung optischer und atomphysikalischer Experimente, Mitwirkung an Forschungsprojekten der Arbeitsgruppe / Laboratory in the Research Group: Preparation and conduction of optical and atomic physics experiments, Participation at research projects of the group (D/E)
pr, ganztägig, 2-6 Wochen n. Vereinb., IAP
  Dozent(en): M. Weitz u.M.
  Erforderliche Vorkenntnisse: Optik und Atomphysik Grundvorlesungen, Quantenmechanik
  Inhalt: Studenten soll frühzeitig die Möglichkeit geboten werden, an aktuellen Forschungsthemen aus dem Bereich der experimentellen Quantenoptik mitzuarbeiten: Ultrakalte atomare Gase, Bose-Einstein-Kondensation, kollektive photonische Quanteneffekte. Die genaue Themenstellung des Praktikums erfolgt nach Absprache.
  Literatur: wird gestellt
  Bemerkungen: Homepage der Arbeitsgruppe:

http://www.iap.uni-bonn.de/ag_weitz/Bonn_AG_Quantenoptik.html
6935 Practical radio interferometry
Mi 13-16, R. 0.008
  Instructor(s): F. Bertoldi, M. Maercker, V. Smolcic, O. Wucknitz
  Prerequisites: None, though Basic Radio Astronomy would be a plus.
  Contents: This lecture series is intended for all Master-level or PhD students, postdocs and grown-up astronomers
who are interested to learn more about the practical issues involved in reducing radio-interferometric data.
After basic introduction lectures, the course will consist of specialized lectures and practical sessions that
use several data analysis tools (AIPS and CASA).
  Literature: ''Synthesis Imaging in Radio Astronomy II'' (ASP Conference Series, V. 180, 1998), Editors: Taylor, Carilli,
Perley

Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy (Wiley 2001), by Thompson, Moran, Swenson
  Comments:  
6938  Accretion in astrophysics: theory and applications
Mo 14-16, R. 0.008
Di 10-12, R. 0.008
  Instructor(s): P. Podsiadlowski
  Prerequisites: Basic Astrophysics (recommended)
  Contents: This course provides an overview over accretion disk theory: thin disks (the alpha-disk model, disk structure and their appearance, the thermal disk instability, resonances), thick disks (includingradiation-pressure dominated disks), self-gravitating disks and their stability (including the Toomre criterion), relativistic disk accretion, optically thin advection-dominated flows, super-Eddington accretion, the source of disk viscosity (including the magneto-rotational instability), mass loss and jets from accretion disks. The course will emphasize a wide range of applications of accretion-disk theory, such as compact binaries, including black-hole binaries, ultraluminous X-ray sources, active galactic nuclei, proto-stellar systems, gamma-ray bursts.
  Literature: Accretion Power in Astrophysics by J. Frank,
A. King and D. Rainer, Cambridge University Press (3rd edition)
plus selected review papers
  Comments: The course targets advanced undergraduate students and beginning graduate students and introduces them to current research problems. A basic background in astrophysics is recommended. The lectures will be given in four blocks of four hours on Mondays and Tuesdays on the following days:

17/18 Oct
14/15 Nov
5/6 Dec
9/10 Jan

All lectures take place in the Argelander-Institut für Astronomie
in lecture theatre 0.008 and take place from 14.00 - 16.00 on Mondays and
10.00 - 12.00 on Tuesdays.

Homepage: http://www-astro.physics.ox.ac.uk/~podsi/
6939 Selected applications of general relativity in astrophysics
Do 10-12, R. 0.008
  Instructor(s): O. Wucknitz
  Prerequisites: Basic methods of theoretical physics. Previous knowledge of tensor analysis is beneficial but not required. Special relativity should be known, though.
  Contents: This lecture gives an introduction into the fundamentals of general relativity. Based on that we will discuss some of the aspects of GR that are relevant for astrophysics. This includes black holes and gravitational waves. Cosmology is the subject of other lectures and will not be covered in detail.
The main goal of this lecture is a good understanding of the concepts and their consequences. Formal mathematics will be emphasised less but used as a tool.
  Literature:  
  Comments: The agenda is meant to be flexible. If possible, additional topics will be added on request.
6940  Physics of supernovae and gamma-ray bursts
Mi 13.30 - 15.00, HS Astronomie
  Instructor(s): S. Yoon
  Prerequisites: Some knowledge on stellar evolution is desirable, but not required.
  Contents: In this course, the following topics will be addressed:
- Basic physics on stellar death
- Type Ia supernova, and its application to cosmology
- Core collapse supernova: observation and theory
- Gamma-ray bursts: observation and theory
- Supernova nucleosynthesis and chemical evolution of galaxies
- Probe of the early universe with supernovae and gamma-ray bursts
  Literature: Key references will be given for each course, while some courses will be based on
"Introduction to High-Energy Astrophysics" by Stephan Rosswog & Marcus Brueggen,
(Cambridge Univ. Press). See the lecture homepage for more details.
  Comments: The grade will be based on homework (50%) and an exam (50%).
6937  Radio astronomy: tools, applications, and impacts
Di 16, Do 16-18, HS Astronomie
VAST
Exercises arranged by appointment
  Instructor(s): U. Klein
  Prerequisites: electrodynamics
interstellar medium
  Contents: 1. Introduction
history
astrophysics and radio astronomy

2. Single-dish telescopes
Cassegrain and Gregory foci
geometries and ray tracing
antenna diagrams
antenna parameters

3. Fourier optics
Fourier transform
aperture – farfield relations
spatial frequencies and filtering
power pattern
convolution and sampling
resolving power

4. Influence of earth’s atmosphere
ionosphere, troposphere
plasma frequency
Faraday rotation
refraction, scintillation
absorption / emission
radiation transport

5. Receivers
total-power and heterodyne systems
system temperature
antenna temperature, sensitivity
Dicke-, correlation receiver
amplifiers
hot-cold calibration

6. Wave propagation in conductors
coaxial cables, waveguides
matching, losses
quasi optics

7. Backend
continuum, IF-polarimeter
spectroscopy
filter spectrometer
autocorrelator
acousto-optical spectrometer
pulsar backend

8. mm and submm techniques
telescope parameters and observables
atmosphere, calibration, chopper wheel
error beam
SIS receivers
bolometers

9. Single-dish observing techniques
on-off, cross-Scan, Raster
continuous mapping, OTF, fast scanning
frequency-switching, wobbling technique

10. Data analysis
sampling theorem
spectroscopy
multi-beam observations
image processing, data presentation

11. Interferometry basics
aperture - image plane
complex visibility
delay tracking
fringe rotation
sensitivity

12. Imaging
Fourier inversion
cleaning techniques
self-calibration
zero-spacing correction

13. VLBI
station requirements
processor
calibration and imaging
retarded baselines
geodesy

14. Spectroscopy
XF and FX correlation
data cubes

15. Polarimetry
cross dipoles
circular feeds
spurious polarization

16. Future developments and science
projects, telescopes
LOFAR, SKA, ALMA, SOFIA, Planck
impacts: ISM, IGM, cosmology ...
  Literature: Lecture Notes, U. Klein (for free; fully spelled out)

Radio Astronomy: Tools, Applications & Impacts

Tools of Radio Astronomy
Kristen Rohfs, Thomas L. Wilson
Springer

Radio Astronomy
John D. Kraus
Cygnus-Quasar Books

The Fourier Transform and its Applications
Ronald N. Bracewell
McCraw-Hill Book Company
  Comments:  
6952  Seminar on theoretical dynamics
Fr 14-16, R. 3.010
or arranged by appointment
  Instructor(s): P. Kroupa, J. Pflamm-Altenburg
  Prerequisites: Pre-diplom or BSc in physics.
  Contents: Formation of planetary and stellar systems;
Stellar populations in clusters and galaxies;
Processes governing the evolution of stellar systems.
  Literature: Current research papers and own research.
  Comments: This course is worth 4 credit points. The corresponding certificate ("Schein") is awarded if the student (a) attends the seminar and (b) holds a presentation. The certificate can be picked up in the office of Mrs Ulrike Hamacher on the third floor (AIfA) at the end of the semester.

Students and post-docs present the current state of their own research to a critical audience.

Start date: after arrangement
6954  Seminar on galaxy clusters
Do 15-16.30, R. 2.023
  Instructor(s): T. Reiprich, Y. Zhang
  Prerequisites: Introduction to astronomy.
  Contents: The students will report about up to date research work on galaxy clusters based on scientific papers.
  Literature: Will be provided.
  Comments:  
6956 Seminar on strong gravitational lensing and lens modelling
Fr 17-19, R. 3.010
  Instructor(s): O. Wucknitz
  Prerequisites: basic understanding of astronomy and gravitational lenses in particular
  Contents: Research seminar: current research papers and own projects in strong gravitational lensing and lens modelling with particular emphasis on radio lenses and interferometry observations. This may extend to observations of objects other than lenses.
  Literature:  
  Comments: The format of this seminar is generally informal discussions.
6959  Seminar on astronomy and astrophysics
Mo 14.00-15.30, HS Astronomie
  Instructor(s): T. Reiprich und Dozenten der Astronoie
  Prerequisites: Lectures: Introduction to astronomy I and II.
  Contents: Current research papers on astrophysical problems (e.g. planet formation, stellar evolution, star clusters,
galaxies, galaxy clusters, quasars, cosmology).
  Literature: Current research papers.
  Comments: This is the main seminar for Master of Astrophysics students. It is worth 4 credit points. The
corresponding certificate ("Schein" for diploma students) is awarded if the student
(a) attends the seminars of the other students and
(b) gives a successful presentation.
The certificate can be picked up in the office of Ms. Ellen Vasters (room 3.004) at the end of the
semester (only diploma students need to pick one up).

The students will learn to hold a formal but pedagogical presentation about a subject of current
international research.

The possible topics will be presented on the first lecture day.
astro841  Radio astronomy: tools, applications, and impacts
Di 16, HS Astronomie
Do 16-18, HS Astronomie
Exercises arranged by appointment
  Instructor(s): U. Klein
  Prerequisites: electrodynamics, interstellar medium
  Contents:
1. Introduction
history
astrophysics and radio astronomy

2. Single-dish telescopes
Cassegrain and Gregory foci
geometries and ray tracing
antenna diagrams
antenna parameters

3. Fourier optics
Fourier transform
aperture – farfield relations
spatial frequencies and filtering
power pattern
convolution and sampling
resolving power

4. Influence of earth’s atmosphere
ionosphere, troposphere
plasma frequency
Faraday rotation
refraction, scintillation
absorption / emission
radiation transport

5. Receivers
total-power and heterodyne systems
system temperature
antenna temperature, sensitivity
Dicke-, correlation receiver
amplifiers
hot-cold calibration

6. Wave propagation in conductors
coaxial cables, waveguides
matching, losses
quasi optics

7. Backend
continuum, IF-polarimeter
spectroscopy
filter spectrometer
autocorrelator
acousto-optical spectrometer
pulsar backend

8. mm and submm techniques
telescope parameters and observables
atmosphere, calibration, chopper wheel
error beam
SIS receivers
bolometers

9. Single-dish observing techniques
on-off, cross-Scan, Raster
continuous mapping, OTF, fast scanning
frequency-switching, wobbling technique

10. Data analysis
sampling theorem
spectroscopy
multi-beam observations
image processing, data presentation

11. Interferometry basics
aperture - image plane
complex visibility
delay tracking
fringe rotation
sensitivity

12. Imaging
Fourier inversion
cleaning techniques
self-calibration
zero-spacing correction

13. VLBI
station requirements
processor
calibration and imaging
retarded baselines
geodesy

14. Spectroscopy
XF and FX correlation
data cubes

15. Polarimetry
cross dipoles
circular feeds
spurious polarization

16. Future developments and science
projects, telescopes
LOFAR, SKA, ALMA, SOFIA, Planck
impacts: ISM, IGM, cosmology ...
  Literature: Lecture Notes (for free; fully spelled out)

Tools of Radio Astronomy
Kristen Rohfs, Thomas L. Wilson
Springer

Radio Astronomy
John D. Kraus
Cygnus-Quasar Books

The Fourier Transform and its Applications
Ronald N. Bracewell
McCraw-Hill Book Company
  Comments:  
astro842 Submillimeter astronomy
Do 11-13, HS 0.01, MPIfR
Exercises arranged by appointment
  Instructor(s): K. Menten, F. Bertoldi
  Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of astronomy.
  Contents: Students with a basic background in astronomy and physics will be introduced to astronomy in the
submillimeter wavelength range, one of the last spectral regions to be fully explored with new high-
altitude ground-based and airborne telescopes and from space.
The basic concepts of emission/excitation mechanisms from interstellar dust and molecules are
discussed as well as the properties of the observed objects: amongst others, the dense interstellar
medium, star-forming regions, and circumstellar environments. Star formation in
our own and in other galaxies as well as in the Early Universe is a central focus of
sub-millimeter astronomy and will thus be introduced in depth. Telescopes,
instrumentation, and observational techniques will discussed in the course,
with an emphasis on those with a strong Bonn participation: APEX, NANTEN2,
Herschel, SOFIA, ALMA.
  Literature: We shall provide references to contemporary review
articles and recommend textbooks.
  Comments: The course will be taught in English.
First lecture 20 October, 11:15-12:45.
astro853  The physics of dense stellar systems: the building blocks of the universe
Di 10-12, R. 3.010
Exercises arranged by appointment
  Instructor(s): P. Kroupa
  Prerequisites: Vordiploma or BSc in physics
  Contents: Fundamentals of stellar dynamics: distribution function, collisionless Boltzmann equation, Jeans equations, Focker-Planck equation, dynamical states, relaxation, mass segregation, evaporation, ejection, core collapse.
Formal differentiation between star clusters and galaxies.
Binary stars as energy sinks and sources.
Star-cluster evolution.
Cluster birth, violent relaxation.
Birth of dwarf galaxies.
  Literature: 1) Lecture notes will be provided.
2) J. Binney, S. Tremaine: Galactic Dynamics (Princeton University Press 1988)
3) D. Heggie, P. Hut: The gravitational million-body problem (Cambridge University Press 2003)
  Comments: Aims: To gain a deeper understanding of stellar dynamics, the birth, origin and properties of stellar populations and the fundamental building blocks of galaxies.

This course corresponds to course astro853 in the M.Ap. programme.

Start: Tuesday, 11.10.2011, 10:15
astro854  Numerical gravitational dynamics
Do 14-16, R. 0.006
Exercises arranged by appointment
  Instructor(s): J. Pflamm-Altenburg
  Prerequisites: Vordiploma or BSc in physics
  Contents: The aim of this course is to impart knowledge how different stellar dynamical systems such as planetary systems, non-hierarchical few-body systems, star clusters and galaxies are integrated numerically. The students will learn what kind of algorithms are used to integrate a particular stellar system as well as how to use state of the art software for scientific research.
  Literature: 1) Lecture notes will be provided.
2) S.J. Aarseth: Gravitational N-body Simulations: Tools and Algorithms (Cambridge University Press, 2003).
  Comments: Start: 13. Oct.
astro8503 Radio- and X-ray-observations of dark matter and dark energy
Fr 13-15, R. 0.008
Exercises/lab course arranged by appointment
  Instructor(s): J. Kerp, T. Reiprich
  Prerequisites:  
  Contents: Introduction into the evolution of the universe
optical, radio and X-ray studies of clusters of galaxies
cosmic microwave background
HI observations prior and during the epoch of re-ionization
High redshift supernovae
Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect
LOFAR/SKA technology and observations
Warm Hot Intergalactic medium
cosmology with clusters of galaxies

Practical data reduction sessions are part of the lecture and will be scheduled individually
  Literature: The lecture notes will be distributed during the course
  Comments:  
astro856  Quasars and microquasars
Do 13-15, HS 0.01, MPIfR
  Instructor(s): M. Massi
  Prerequisites:  
  Contents:
Stellar-mass black holes in our Galaxy mimic many of the phenomena seen in quasars but at much shorter timescales. In these lectures we present and discuss how the simultaneous use of multiwavelength observations has allowed a major progress in the understanding of the accretion/ejection phenomenology.


Topics:

Stellar evolution, white dwarf, neutron star, BH
Accretion power in astrophysics
Nature of the mass donor: Low and High Mass X-ray Binaries
Accretion by wind or/and by Roche lobe overflow
Eddington luminosity
Mass function: neutron star or black hole ?
X-ray observations
Temperature of the accretion disc and inner radius
Spectral states
Quasi Periodic Oscillations (QPO)
Radio observations
Single dish monitoring and VLBI
Superluminal motion
Doppler Boosting
Synchrotron radiation
Plasmoids and steady jet
AGN
  Literature:  
  Comments:  
astro857  Star formation
Mi 10-12, HS 0.01, MPIfR
  Instructor(s): B. Parise, A. Stolte
  Prerequisites:  
  Contents: Introduction to ISM and Star Formation -- Physical processes -- Interstellar Chemistry -- Conditions for
star formation: cloud collapse -- Protostellar Evolution -- Low Mass/High Mass Star formation -- Jets and
Outflows/Disks -- Shocks, PDRs -- IMF, Global SF -- Starburst Galaxies -- Star formation history of the
Universe
  Literature: S. W. Stahler, F. Palla: The Formation of Stars, Wiley 2004
N. Schulz: From Dust to Stars, Springer 2005
Reipurth, Jewitt, Keil (Edts.): Protostars and Planets V. University of Arizona Press 2007.
Other references will be given during the lectures.
  Comments:  
astro859  The cosmic history of the intergalactic medium
Di 11.00-12.45, HS Astronomie
  Instructor(s): C. Porciani
  Prerequisites: Calculus, basic atomic physics (hydrogen atom), and basic thermodynamics. No previous knowledge of astrophysics is required.
  Contents: The aim of this course is to familiarize students with the physics of the intergalactic medium (the material that pervades the vast regions between galaxies) and with its significance for cosmology and the astrophysics of galaxies. Thanks to progress in observations, theoretical modeling, and computational power, our knowledge in this field is growing rapidly. The main questions driving current research will be discussed and new results introduced as they occur.
  Literature: The study of the intergalactic medium is a young subject. No textbook exists for this topic. Lecture notes will be distributed.
  Comments: This course gives an overview of both the theoretical framework and the key observations. No prior knowledge of astrophysics will be assumed. It addresses students in the 7th semester of higher and it is geared towards preparing them for graduate studies in physics, astronomy and computer science. This class includes 2 hours of lectures and 1 hour of additional discussion (and problem solution) per week. Basic understanding of differential calculus is required.
astro892  Seminar on radio astronomy
Do 14-16, R. 0.008
  Instructor(s): U. Klein, F. Bertoldi, M. Kramer, M. Massi, K. Menten
  Prerequisites:  
  Contents: presentation of publications that are (largely) based upon radio-astronomical measurements
  Literature:  
  Comments: Embedded in the main astrophysics seminar!
astro893  Seminar on stars, stellar systems, and galaxies
Di 16-18, R. 3.010
  Instructor(s): P. Kroupa, R. Izzard, J. Pflamm-Altenburg
  Prerequisites: Vordiplom or Bachelor in physics;
The lecture "Stars and Stellar Evolution" (astro811);
The lecture "Astrophysics of Galaxies" (astro821)
  Contents: The newest literature (e.g. papers from the electronic pre-print server) relevant to research on stars, stellar populations, galaxies and dynamics;
current and preliminary research results by AIfA members and guests on the above topics.
  Literature: Latest astro-ph pre-prints, or recently published research papers.
  Comments: This course is worth 4 credit points. The corresponding certificate ("Schein") is awarded if the student (a) attends the seminar and (b) holds a presentation. The certificate can be picked up in the office of Mrs Ulrike Hamacher on the third floor (AIfA) at the end of the semester.

The students will be introduced to the newest state of knowledge in the field of stellar astrophysics, star clusters, galaxies and dynamics. They will familiarise themselves with open questions and acquire knowledge on the newest methods in research.
astro894  Seminar on astronomy and astrophysics
Mo 14.00-15.30, HS Astronomie
  Instructor(s): T. Reiprich und Dozenten der Astronomie
  Prerequisites: Lectures: Introduction to astronomy I and II.
  Contents: Current research papers on astrophysical problems (e.g. planet formation, stellar evolution, star clusters,
galaxies, galaxy clusters, quasars, cosmology).
  Literature: Current research papers.
  Comments: This is the main seminar for Master of Astrophysics students. It is worth 4 credit points. The
corresponding certificate ("Schein" for diploma students) is awarded if the student
(a) attends the seminars of the other students and
(b) gives a successful presentation.
The certificate can be picked up in the office of Ms. Ellen Vasters (room 3.004) at the end of the
semester (only diploma students need to pick one up).

The students will learn to hold a formal but pedagogical presentation about a subject of current
international research.

The possible topics will be presented on the first lecture day.